Little Falls in Herkimer County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The World's Best Cheddar
Herkimer County Cheese
From Quality Farms
By 1830, dairying was widespread among the towns of Herkimer County north of the Mohawk River. At first cheese-making was a family affair, but by 1860 farmers began to adopt the factory system to the process. Cooperative factories collected milk from dozens of farms and brought it to a central location where a single skilled cheese-maker could mass-produce thousands of pounds of cheese.
The cash that local farmers received for their cheese made them prosperous. From 1865 to the early 1900s, Herkimer County farms were among the finest and most modern in the state. Many of the fine barns and farm buildings that you see in this region today were built with the profits from cheese-making.
Making Great Cheese
At the factory, the farmer's milk was
The curds were then poured into wooden or metal cheese hoops lined with muslin cheesecloth and tightly pressed to remove as much liquid as possible. The next day the cheese went to the curing room where it ripened on long tables for 20-30 days. Each day the wheels of cheese had to be turned and rubbed with grease to seal the outside surfaces.When fully aged, they were packed into wooden boxes for shipping to shops and wholesalers around the world.
"Above all things, do not make salty, soft, and mushy or porous and spongy cheese. Have them when cured, be firm but mellow and clean flavored, with a smooth, bright, and handsome exterior, and then you have the perfection of good cheese."
- Sam Perry, cheese broker of Newport, New York
Erected by The Little Falls Historical Society, the Little Falls Cheese Festival, and an anonymous donor.
Location. 43° 2.547′ N, 74° 51.552′ W. Marker is in Little Falls, New York, in Herkimer County. Marker is at the intersection of South Ann Street and Albany Street when traveling north on South Ann Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Little Falls NY 13365, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Cheese Business (a few steps from this marker); The Street Cheese Market (within shouting distance of this marker); Shaping the City (within shouting distance of this marker); Window on the Past (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Route of the Little Falls Canal (about 500 feet away); A Bridge for Boats (approx. 0.2 miles away); Benton’s Landing (approx. 0.2 miles away); Little Falls (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Little Falls.
Categories. • Agriculture • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 19, 2019. This page originally submitted on March 18, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Photos: 1. submitted on March 18, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. 2, 3. submitted on March 19, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.