Circleville in Pickaway County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Born in North Adams, Massachusetts on December 23, 1778, Caleb Atwater graduated from Williams College in 1804. He moved to Circleville in about 1814 where he organized the city's first school board and served as postmaster and prosecuting attorney. His life and work as a teacher, minister, lawyer, legislator, and scholar greatly influenced early 19th-century Ohio. Upon arriving in Circleville, he became interested in local history and the nearby earthworks and in 1820 published his book Descriptions of the Antiquities Discovered in the State of Ohio and Other Western States, the first compilation of prehistoric remains in the Ohio and Mississippi valleys. Elected to the Ohio State Legislature in 1821, Atwater fervently supported canal construction. He also chaired Ohio's first board of school commissioners and was instrumental in passage of Ohio's Public School Law. For this, he has been called the “Father of Ohio's Common Schools.”
The many writings of Caleb Atwater reveal that he was a man ahead of his time and with far reaching views. As one of three commissioners appointed by President Andrew Jackson in 1829 to negotiate a treaty with tribes at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, Atwater wrote a volume that gave a more insightful and fairer view of Native
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Roundtown Conservancy, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 9-65.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
Location. 39° 36.171′ N, 82° 56.689′ W. Marker is in Circleville, Ohio, in Pickaway County. Marker is at the intersection of Court Street (Ohio Route 188) and Pinckney Street, on the right when traveling south on Court Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Circleville OH 43113, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Napoleon 12-Pounder (approx. 0.2 miles away); War Savings Quota Zieger House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Our Safety Forces (approx. 0.2 miles away); Memorial Hall (approx. 0.2 miles away); Prehistoric Circular Earthworks / The Squaring of Circleville (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pickaway County Vietnam Veterans Memorial (approx. ¼ mile away); The Underground Railroad / The Underground Railroad in Pickaway County (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Circleville.
Also see . . . A Biography of the Anthropologist Caleb Atwater. A product of the Ohio Historical Society. (Submitted on November 3, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Categories. • Arts, Letters, Music • Education • Government • Native Americans • Notable Persons •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 1, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,405 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 1, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.