St. Simons Island in Glynn County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The First Light House ~ 1810
The first lighthouse was 75' tall, octagonal, 25' at the base and tapered to 10' at the top. The 10' iron lantern room had oil lamps suspended by chains as the illuminant. James Gould was also appointed head lighthouse keeper from 1811-1837.
In the summer of 1861, 1500 Confederate troops were stationed on this site at Fort Brown. In 1862, Confederate troops destroyed the first lighthouse before evacuating the island so that Federal Forces could not use it as a navigational aid. The occupying troops were the African American Union soldiers known as the 1st South Carolina Volunteers.
The Plantation Era
The Plantation Era began in the late 1700's and thrived on the growing of long staple cotton, known as "sea island cotton" and other crops such as indigo and rice. Cotton grew bigger and more plentifully here on the Georgia sea islands, and soon plantations were located from one
There is a strong connection between the Coastal sea islands and the Windward Coast of West Africa due to the slave trade that played such an important role in the success of area plantations. Slaves from West Africa were highly prized for their ability to cultivate rice, and then cotton. The War Between the States brought on the virtual demise of this era. The loss of slave labor made cotton growing and harvesting unproductive and not profitable. What remains is a cultural linkage between the "Gullah/Geechee" descendants of slaves of the sea islands and the countries of their ancestors.
A few tabby ruins remain of this era at Hampton Point, Cannon's Point and Retreat Plantation. Most of the old plantation lands have been covered by growth or converted to residential or commercial properties.
Erected by Coastal Georgia Historical Society.
Location. 31° 8.036′ N, 81° 23.618′ W. Marker is in St. Simons Island, Georgia, in Glynn County. Marker is on 12th Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 12th Street, Saint Simons Island GA 31522, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. The Historic St. Simons Light Station (here, next to this marker); Early History of St. Simons Island (here, next to this marker); Historic St. Simons Lighthouse (a few steps from this marker); Fort St. Simons (a few steps from this marker); Couper's Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Keepers of the Light (within shouting distance of this marker); North Atlantic Right Whale (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Old Spanish Garden (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Simons Island.
Regarding The First Light House ~ 1810. National Register of Historic Places :
St. Simons Lighthouse and Lighthouse Keepers' Building ** (added 1972 - - #72000386)
600 Beachview Dr. , St. Simons Island
♦ Historic Significance: Information Potential, Event, Architecture/Engineering
♦ Architect, builder, or engineer: Cluskey,C.B., Poe,Bvt. Gen. O.M.
♦ Architectural Style: Other, Gothic
♦ Area of Significance: Historic - Non-Aboriginal, Transportation, Architecture
♦ Cultural Affiliation: 19th C. coastal American
♦ Period of Significance: 1850-1874
♦ Owner: Federal , Local
♦ Historic Function: Domestic, Transportation
Categories. • Landmarks • Notable Buildings • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 10, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,108 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 10, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 6, 7. submitted on January 30, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.