Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle Begins: Fighting East and Southeast of Mt. Defiance
Battle of Middleburg/Mt. Defiance
Posted along this ridge were now the Confederate brigades of Colonel John Chambliss and General Beverly Robertson. Where you are standing, the Southern line was defended by Robertson’s recently recruited and trained 4th and 5th North Carolina Cavalry. With some 250 of the men each holding four horses, this freed about 700 Tarheels to hold nearly a mile of ground, from here due south. Remounting their horses as needed, they could be placed exactly where needed, an increasingly common tactic being used to increase mobility. Having performed less than admirably at Brandy Station on June 9th, they needed to prove themselves here.
The Federals on the left of their line met
Frustrated by the delay, Gregg’s superior (and division-commanding cousin) General David MacMurtrie Gregg ordered another of his brigades under Judson Kilpatrick to attack along the turnpike and north of it in support. We’ll look at this 10:00 a.m. second assault further along.
Confederate dismounted cavalry was ultimately driven from the Cocke family cemetery and home by the 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry in the Civil War’s first dismounted carbine charge.
The heaviest fighting took place in a line of woods to your right. Despite heavy fire from Robertson’s North Carolinians, the Pennsylvania troopers charged on foot and horseback, pushing the Rebels back from tree to tree. Driven back, they reformed and attacked again—three times—ultimately led by two mounted companies of the 1st Maine. “They all came out of the woods like a swarm of bees,” wrote Colonel Doster of the 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Driving the Confederates beyond the woods and to the west, the Mainers were able to capture 45 Confederate
John Irvin Gregg
1st Maine Cavalry, sketch by Alfred Waud Library of Congress
The Battle Begins Map
Erected 2019 by NOVA Parks. (Marker Number 3.)
Location. 38° 58.025′ N, 77° 45.738′ W. Marker is in Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker can be reached from John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) west of Zulla Road (Virginia Route 709), on the left when traveling west. Battle of Middleburg | Mt. Defiance Historic Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 35945 John Mosby Highway, Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Prussian Warrior Heros Von Borcke Goes Down (within shouting distance of this marker); Horse Artillery at Mt. Defiance (within shouting distance of this marker); Mount Defiance (within shouting Mount Defiance (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mt. Defiance, the Turnpike, and Middleburg (about 300 feet away); Phase Two of the Battle: Fighting Along the Turnpike (about 300 feet away); The Battle Concludes: Buford's Flanking Movement & Stuart's Withdrawal (about 500 feet away); Battle of Middleburg (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middleburg.
Also see . . . Battle of Middleburg: Mt. Defiance Historic Park. NOVA Parks (Submitted on June 3, 2019.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 3, 2019. This page originally submitted on June 2, 2019, by T. Elizabeth Renich of Winchester, Virginia. This page has been viewed 63 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 2, 2019, by T. Elizabeth Renich of Winchester, Virginia. 5. submitted on June 3, 2019. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.