Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Cumberland soon became the administrative center for the defense of the western section of the railroad, the canal, and northern West Virginia. About 3,000 Union soldiers usually were stationed here, although the number increased periodically to as many as 8,000. Cumberland also served as a hospital and supply base, and when the war ended, it became a demobilization center. Military administrators occupied many buildings here during the war, while encampments sprang up on the outskirts of town and troops constructed fortifications on the surrounding hills to control approaches.
Confederate cavalry raiders frequently threatened to destroy area railroad facilities and bridges. The long-distance raids came from the east along the
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, and the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 38.978′ N, 78° 44.992′ W. Marker is in Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker can be reached from Fort Avenue. Touch for map. This marker is located on the grounds of the City of Cumberland's Constitution Park. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. McNeillís Raid (approx. half a mile away); Capture of Generals (approx. half a mile away); A Boom for Cumberland (approx. half a mile away); Capture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George Crook (approx. 0.6 miles away); Bíer Chayim (Well of Life) Congregation Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church (approx. 0.6 miles away); The First National Bank and Trust Company of Western Maryland (approx. 0.6 miles away); Military Hospital (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland.
More about this marker. On the left of the marker is sketch captioned, Harper's Weekly 1866 image of Cumberland. On the upper right of the marker is a portrait captioned, Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley was a operational commander of the western B&O defenses throughout the war.
Also see . . .
1. Cumberland, Maryland. National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places (Submitted on December 1, 2008.)
2. McNeil's Raid. Richmond Times-Dispatch - January 6 , 1935 (Submitted on December 1, 2008.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Cumberland.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 1, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,605 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 1, 2008. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.