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Larrys River in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia — The Canadian Atlantic
 

Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605

L’établissement de l’Acadie, 1604/1605

 
 
Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Stoessel, August 27, 2019
1. Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605 Marker
Inscription.  
Arriving in 1604, the French settlers built a fort on a small island named Ile Ste Croix at the mouth of the Ste. Croix River, which separates present day New Brunswick and Maine. After a disastrous winter, where 35 of the 79 men died of scurvy and/or exposure, they crossed the Bay of Fundy the following spring and established the first permanent settlement at Port Royal.

Built in the summer of 1605, l'Habitation consisted of several buildings grouped in French fashion in a four sided arrangement around a central courtyard. This new community was designed with permanency and self-sufficiency in mind based on its configuration and composition. In it were living accommodations for the working class, gentry, and artisans. All the required support for community survival was integrated into this physical plan. A blacksmith shop, a sail loft and workshop, a kitchen, dining room, trading post, apothecary and chapel were the key components of the Habitation while infirmary stalls were built for the sick close to the chimneys for warmth.

The Acadians quickly befriended the native Mi'kmaq and this alliance became the
Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605 Painting image. Click for full size.
By Steve Stoessel, August 27, 2019
2. Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605 Painting
most meaningful and trusted friendship they could have established. It was the Mi'kmaq under their chief, Membertou, who taught the Acadians how to survive in this new environment. They were shown how and what to hunt, cook, how to grow healthy crops, how to fish, and how to use their remedies when sick. So valued was this friendship that Membertou and many of his people converted to Catholicism and were treated as very special guests whenever they visited the Habitation for special occasions and events.

The Order of Good Cheer was the first social club established in North America and served as a means to keep up the morale of the men during the long, harsh winter months. Individuals were chosen to organize and prepare a social evening every week where food, music, prayers and games were the focus of the event. Chief Membertou was always invited to attend and given a very special place to sit at the head of the table.

À l'arrivée des colons français en 1604, une forteresse fut érigée sur une petite île - Île Ste Croix à l'entrée de la Rivière Ste Croix, qui sépare le Nouveau Brunswick de l'État du Maine. Ayant passé un hiver désastreux durant lequel quelque 35 de ses 79 hommes ont péri, au printemps suivant les autres colons traversèrent la Baie de Fundy et établirent une habitation permanente à Port Royal.

Construit en été 1605, l'habitation
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consiste de plusieurs bâtiments disposés en un arrangement quatre côtés entourrés par une cour centrale. Cette nouvelle communauté fut désignée avec l'idée de permanance et autosuffisance basée sur sa composition et sa configuration. On trouve à son intérieur, des accommodations pour la classe ouvrière aussi bien que pour les aristocrates. Un plan de survie communautaire fut intégré. On y trouve un forgeron, un voilier, une cuisine, une salle à dîner, un poste d'échange, une pharmacie et une chapelle qui furent les parties clés de l'habitation tandis que des lits pour les malades furent construits prêt des cheminées pour assurer de la chaleur.

Les Acadiens ont vite fait un pacte d'amitié avec les Mi'kmaq et cette alliance fut grandement à leur avantage. Le Chef des Mi'kmaq, Chef Membertou, fut largement responsable de leur survie dans ce nouvel environnement, leur ayant enseigné la chasse, la cuisson, la cultivation, la pêcherie et enfin comment utiliser leurs remèdes lorsqu'ils se sentaient malades. Ce pacte d'amitié fut si bien reçu que Membertou et plusieurs de son peuple furent convertis à la religion catholique. Leurs présences étaient annoncées lorsqu'ils visitaient l'habitation des occasions spéciales.

L'Ordre du Bon Temps, le premier club social fut fondé et cela avait pour but de maintenir un atmosphère de joie et de gaieté durant les long mois d'hiver.
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Il était la responsabilité des individus d'organiser une soirée sociale hebdomadaire assurant une table bien garnie, un divertissement et des prières. Le Chef Membertou était toujours l'invité d'honneur et on lui assignait une place de marque à la table d'honneur.
(Marker Number 2.)
 
Location. 45° 13.299′ N, 61° 22.642′ W. Marker is in Larrys River, Nova Scotia, in Guysborough County. Marker is at the intersection of Marine Drive (Nova Scotia Route 316) and Ballfield Loop, on the right when traveling west on Marine Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Larrys River, Nova Scotia B0H 1T0, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. French Expeditions Aimed At Settling North America (here, next to this marker); Samuel de Champlain Meets Captain Savalette On Shores of Tor Bay (here, next to this marker); Acadian Dyke Building Along the Bay of Fundy (here, next to this marker); Grand-Pré (a few steps from this marker); The Great Upheaval 1755-1763 (a few steps from this marker); The Scattering of a People (a few steps from this marker); The Resettlement (a few steps from this marker); Chezzetcook, Tracadie and Havre Boucher (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Larrys River.
 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on October 18, 2019. This page originally submitted on October 17, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 17, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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