Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Devil's Den and the Slaughter Pen
July 2nd 1863 - Second Day
For weeks after the battle, a delirious Alabama soldier suffering from his wounds repeated these words
The labyrinth of boulders and crevices in front of you was known to local residents as "Devil's Den," a name that would become famous in the history of the Civil War. The rocky gorge to your left and behind you earned the name "Slaughter Pen" for the great number of Confederates killed there.
Late on the afternoon of July 2, Confederates of Hood's Division captured Devil's Den and the ridge above here in a bloody struggle that lasted an hour and a half. Devil's Den then became a nest of Confederate sharpshooters who took aim at Union officers and men on Little Round Top behind you to the right. The sniping continued until the end of the battle on July 3.
As historic photos demonstrate, the rocks of Devil's Den and the Slaughter Pen have changed little since the time of the battle. A trail beginning here winds up through the boulders 1/10 mile to the top of Devil's Den and a fine viewpoint of Little Round Top.
Erected by Gettysburg National Military Park.
Location. 39° 47.488′ N, 77° 14.515′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is Touch for map. Located in the Devils Den section of Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 4th Maine Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); The Attack on Devil's Den (within shouting distance of this marker); 4th New York Independent Battery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Confederate Sharpshooter? (about 300 feet away); Robertson's Brigade (about 300 feet away); Smith's New York Battery (about 300 feet away); 99th Pennsylvania Infantry (about 300 feet away); The Fight for Devil's Den (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
More about this marker. In the upper right is a drawing captioned, Confederate infantry overran Devil's Den on the afternoon of July 2. Below it a photo shows the Slaughter Pen. During the fight for Devil's Den and Little Round To, scores of soldiers fell dead among the rocks. This Timothy O'Sullivan photo taken three days after the battle shows Confederate dead lying in the "Slaughter Pen," the valley behind you.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . . Devil's Den. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on January 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 4,451 times since then and 111 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5. submitted on July 21, 2009, by Patty Strahin Markley of Tunnelton, West Virginia.