“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Barnsville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)


“Before night our town changed hands five times!”


óAntietam Campaign 1862 ó

Barnesville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 28, 2007
1. Barnesville Marker
Inscription. On the evening of September 5, 1862, Gen. Wade Hamptonís and Gen. Fitzhugh Leeís Confederate cavalry brigades bivouacked around Barnesville. They rode the next day to their base camp at Urbana, leaving the 9th Virginia Cavalry to guard Barnesville.

The next few days were peaceful here, but on September 9 the war came to Barnesville in a hurry, past this very spot. The 8th Illinois Cavalry, following a skirmish with the 12th Virginia Cavalry at Monocacy Church, pushed on to Barnesville and struck part of the 9th Virginia Cavalry just south of town in the afternoon. The outnumbered Virginians raced by here through town, and two miles north they found the rest of their regiment as well as the 7th Virginia Cavalry. Suddenly it was the Federals' turn to be outnumbered; the fled south down Beallsville Road, with the Confederates on their heels. South of town, two companies and a battery of the 3rd Indiana Cavalry reinforced the hard-riding Union cavalrymen, and everyone wheeled around and galloped up this road as the Federals chased the Confederates toward Sugarloaf Mountain. Believing that they had at last cleared the town of their opponents, Union cavalry returned and rode past here south of Barnesville. That evening, however, the Confederates briefly occupied the town again but retired the next morning to Sugarloaf Mountain, which
Two Civil War Trail Markers at St. Mary's Church, Barnesville image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
2. Two Civil War Trail Markers at St. Mary's Church, Barnesville
stands directly in front of you. The Confederates lost one cavalryman dead, five wounded, and 19 captured, while the Federals lost none. The number of horses lost to exhaustion are unknown.

The next day, Union infantry arrived at Barnesville in the evening. Gen. William B. Franklinís VI Corps of the Army of the Potomac camped just south of town.

Like Poolesville, Barnesville was a hotbed of Southern sympathizers. At least five local residents are known to have “gone South” (joined the Confederate forces). Prominent citizen Leonard Hays, whose son served in the 35th Virginia Cavalry, hosted J.E.B. Stuartís brigade commanders, Col. Thomas Munford, Gen. Wade Hampton, and Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, for dinner on September 5.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 13.268′ N, 77° 22.856′ W. Marker is in Barnsville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Barnesvile Road and West Harris Road, on the left when traveling west on Barnesvile Road. Touch for map. Located in the parking lot for the St. Maryís Church. Marker is at or near this postal address: 18230 Barnesville Road, Barnesville MD 20838, United States of America.
Other nearby markers.
Sugarloaf Mountain as Seen from Barnesville image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 28, 2007
3. Sugarloaf Mountain as Seen from Barnesville
At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Barnesville (here, next to this marker); Barnesvile Station (approx. 0.8 miles away); Historic Site [ B&O RR station] (approx. 2.2 miles away); Sugarloaf Mountain (approx. 2.2 miles away); Sugar Loaf Mountain (approx. 2.2 miles away); Chesapeake and Ohio Aqueduct (approx. 2Ĺ miles away); Comus Inn (approx. 2Ĺ miles away); Mt. Ephraim Crossroads (approx. 2Ĺ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Barnsville.
More about this marker. The marker displays a drawing of the Leonard Hayes House and a map showing the movement of forces in the Antietam Campaign.
Additional keywords. Antietam Campaign
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,910 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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