Gloucester Point in Gloucester County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Where North Meets South
Virginia Fortiﬁes Gloucester Point
Eighty years after the decisive events at Yorktown, a major war again came to Gloucester Point. This time it was a civil war. As Virginia joined the Confederacy in April, 1861, its leaders were soon defending the Chesapeake tidewater. Within days, the first shots of the war in Virginia were fired at Gloucester Point by Union gunboats.
The new Confederate armed forces were rich in engineering talent. General Robert E. Lee sent naval Captain William S. Whittle and Gloucester native Commander Thomas Jefferson Page to secure the entrances to both the York and James Rivers. Engineer Captain Charles H. Dimmock was set to work shoring up the defenses on Gloucester Point.
You are standing in the remains of the largest fort ever built here on the Point. By early 1862, Captain Dimmock, using slave labor, had thrown up this enormous earthwork to protect the land side from attack. Nearby, right at the Point, a 100 yard long and 75 yardwide earthen water battery had twelve large guns pointed at passing ships. A covered way linked the two forts.
New Forts with Old Principles
Civil War forts were built
Erected by Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network.
Location. 37° 14.992′ N, 76° 30.131′ W. Marker is in Gloucester Point, Virginia, in Gloucester County. Marker can be reached from Vernon Street near Riverview Street. Touch for map. The marker is on the Tyndallís Point Park Walkway. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1376 Vernon Street, Gloucester Point VA 23062, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. On to Richmond! (here, next to this marker); Classic Camp Life (within shouting distance of this marker); The British Safety Valve (within shouting distance of this marker); Still Defending Virginiaís Shores (within shouting distance of this marker); Gloucester Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Attacking with “Decisive Vigor” A Vital British Outpost at Gloucester Point (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Gloucester Point (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gloucester Point.
Regarding Where North Meets South. On the upper left are plans for the star fort at the Point with the caption, "Confederate Engineer, Charles H. Dimmock, designed a classic "Vauban" style fort with five bastions to provide a field of fire in all directions." Courtesy of the Library of Congress and the "Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies"
On the lower right is an artist rendering of naval activity at the Point with the caption, "From the first days of the Civil War, heavily defended Gloucester Point and Yorktown became the targets of Union Gunboats." Courtesy of the Virginia Historical Society
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 7, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 833 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on May 7, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 8, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.