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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Lappans in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Jones’s Crossroads

Forts Facing Forts

 
 
Jones's Crossroads Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 28, 2007
1. Jones's Crossroads Marker
Inscription. For the first time since the Battle of Gettysburg, most of the Union army faced Gen. Robert E. Lee on July 12, 1863. The Federals were firmly entrenched on a ridge parallel to the Sharpsburg-Hagerstown Turnpike a quarter mile west. Less than a mile further west, the Confederates had completed four miles of formidable fortifications a day earlier to protect Lee’s avenues of retreat across the Potomac River. Union Gen. George G. Meade paused and reconnoitered on July 13. By the next day, as he prepared to probe for weaknesses, Lee had retreated to Virginia.

(Quote 1): “[T]heir line of works ... were by far the strongest I have seen yet; evidently laid out by engineers and built as if they meant to stand a month’s siege. The parapet was a good six feet wide on top, and the guns, which were very thick, were all placed so as to get a perfect cross fire.” —Col. Charles S. Wainwright, U.S. Army, July 14, 1863

(Quote 2): “ There is a difference between the people of Maryland and those of Pennsylvania. A man of some fifty or more stood looking at our men pull down the fences to start their breastworks. ... Having a fellow-feeling for the owner as a brother farmer, I spoke to the man and said it was hard on the owner of the land to destroy his crops and fences so. ‘Oh,’ says he, ‘you
Close Up View of the Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 28, 2007
2. Close Up View of the Map
The marker stands at the cross roads depicted on the map between Gibbon's and Slocum's names.
may destroy my whole farm if you will only whip the rebels.’ If the eastern Marylanders are the most bitter of the rebels, those west of Frederick are the truest Union people I have met with anywhere.”
—Col. Charles S. Wainwright, U.S. Army, July 10, 1863.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 33.192′ N, 77° 44.26′ W. Marker is near Lappans, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of Shepherdstown Pike (Maryland Route 65) and Lappans Road (Route 68), on the right when traveling south on Shepherdstown Pike. Touch for map. Located in the parking lot for a gas station in the Southwest corner of Jones’ Crossroads. Marker is in this post office area: Boonsboro MD 21713, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Jones’ Crossroads (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); St. Mark's Episcopal Church (approx. ¼ mile away); Council of War (approx. 1.8 miles away); Booth’s Mill Bridge (approx. 1.8 miles away); Roxbury Mills Bridge (approx. 2 miles away); Rose's Mill Bridge (approx. 2.9 miles away); Claggett’s Millrace Bridge (approx. 3.2 miles away); Claggett's Mill Bridge (approx. 3.3 miles away).
 
More about this marker.
From the Marker Looking to the Crossroads image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 28, 2007
3. From the Marker Looking to the Crossroads
The marker features a painting depicting the fortifications with the caption, “Confederate fortifications near Williamsport.” The marker also displays a map showing the general location of the fortifications and battle lines.
 
Also see . . .  Battle Summary: Williamsport, MD. (Submitted on August 5, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Additional comments.
1. Earthworks
As far as this writer can determine none of the earthworks built during the war are still visible or accessible from public roads. Perhaps the farmers, such as the one mentioned by Col. Wainwright, were able to quickly repair the damage and return the land to a peaceful guise.
    — Submitted August 5, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

 
Additional keywords. Gettysburg Campaign
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 5, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,557 times since then and 69 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 5, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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