Portsmouth, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Lightships were originally placed where lighthouses could not go or were too expensive to build. They had the advantage of being able to be in deeper waters than a lighthouse, could shift positions and had many types of signals. Disadvantages included that they were expensive to maintain, dangerous in fog and required a crew of 8-15 men who were isolated and exposed to terrible weather.
History of Lightship 101:
1912: Contract for #101 awarded to Pusey and Jones, shipbuilders in Delaware.
1916: #101 was launched and stationed at Smith Island Shoals, Virginia for eight years.
1924: Broke down, was refitted and repaired. Assigned to Overfalls, Delaware.
1939: #101 was changed by the Coast Guard to WAL524.
1951: Withdrawn from duty and overhauled. Assigned to Nantucket Station.
1952: Stationed at Stonehouse Shoals, off the New England coast.
1963: Relief and last duty at Cross Rip Shoals in Nantucket Sound.
1964: Broke down en route to Boston and was retired.
1967: City of Portsmouth placed the vessel on the waterfront as a museum.
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 36° 50.207′ N, 76° 17.754′ W. Marker is in Portsmouth, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Water Street and London Street, on the right when traveling north on Water Street. Touch for map. This marker is along the Elizabeth River seawall at the west end of London Street. Marker is in this post office area: Portsmouth VA 23704, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Lightship Portsmouth (within shouting distance of this marker); The Coast Guard (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cornwallis' Embarkation (about 400 feet away); Revolutionary War at Portsmouth (about 400 feet away); Naval Shipyard Museum (about 500 feet away); John Luke Porter (about 600 feet away); The Elizabeth River (about 600 feet away); Seaboard Air Line Railroad (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Portsmouth.
More about this marker. This marker is part of the Portsmouth, VA Path of History.
Regarding Lightship Portsmouth. The Lightship Portsmouth is a National Historic Landmark.
Also see . . . Lightship Portsmouth Museum. (Submitted on May 31, 2015.)
Categories. • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 1, 2009, by Kristin Rollins of Portsmouth, Virginia. This page has been viewed 681 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 1, 2009, by Kristin Rollins of Portsmouth, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.