Stockton in Hunterdon County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Mill Power System
A dam across the Wickecheoke creek several hundred yards upstream of the mill site impounded water in the Upper Mill Pond. Water flowed via the headrace to the Lower Mill Pond whose elevation was higher than the elevation of the surrounding landscape so that the water could fall onto the mill's waterwheels. From the lower millpond, water was directed through races into the grist mill, saw mill, and oil mill. The exhaust water from the saw and grist mills exited directly into the Wickecheoke Creek; exhaust water from the oil mill was released into a small stream emtying into the Delaware River. (The locations of the saw mill and the main road through the mill complex are hypothetical. The present-day Route 29 passes between the store - now a house - and the site of the Lower Mill Pond.)
The Canal Company's agreement to supply enough water to power 3 millstones - 4 if it could be done at no harm to the canal - was a tremendous opportunity for the Prallsville Mill. Canal water was more plentiful than the creek water, and it was a far more reliable source than a creek that could nearly run dry during even mild droughts and would often freeze over in the winter.
Location. 40° 24.571′ N, 74° 59.151′ W. Marker is in Stockton, New Jersey, in Hunterdon County. Marker is on New Jersey Route 29, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Stockton NJ 08559, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Grist Mill (here, next to this marker); Delaware & Raritan Canal State Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Stockton (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bridge Street (approx. half a mile away); Belvidere Delaware Railroad (approx. half a mile away); Stockton Railroad (approx. half a mile away); Stockton Inn (approx. half a mile away); Centre Bridge (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Stockton.
Also see . . . History of the Prallsville Mills. "Daniel Howell built a wooden grist mill at the juncture of the Wickeckeoke Creek and the Delaware River circa 1720. It prospered under a succession of owners through the 18th Century and was sold to John Prall, Jr. in 1794." (Submitted on August 3, 2009.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 31, 2009, by Alan Edelson of Union Twsp., New Jersey. This page has been viewed 546 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 31, 2009, by Alan Edelson of Union Twsp., New Jersey. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.