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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Bluffton in Beaufort County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Bluffton, S.C.

 
 
Bluffton, S.C. Marker image. Click for full size.
1. Bluffton, S.C. Marker
Inscription.
Settled in 1825, as a summer resort of rice and cotton planters, this town was incorporated in 1852. Here in 1844 the was launched the protest against the Federal tariff known as the "Bluffton Movement".
 
Erected by Beaufort County Historical Society. (Marker Number 7-2.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the South Carolina, Beaufort County Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 32° 14.246′ N, 80° 52.448′ W. Marker is in Bluffton, South Carolina, in Beaufort County. Marker can be reached from May River Road (State Highway 46) near Verdier Cove Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker was mowed down in a DUI accident, early 2005, and missing. Per conversation with Historical Society, Marker to be replaced upon completion of road improvements, SC-46, perhaps before this years end. Marker is in this post office area: Bluffton SC 29910, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Michael C. Riley Schools (approx. 0.7 miles away); Church of the Cross (approx. mile away); Bluffton United Methodist Church (approx. mile away); Palmetto Bluff
Church of the Cross image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2003
2. Church of the Cross
Bluffton, SC boasts surprisingly few antebellum buildings. Most were destroyed by Union troops stationed at Hilton Head Island during the Civil War. The surviving buildings in Bluffton include the Episcopal Church of the Cross
(approx. 2.1 miles away); a different marker also named Palmetto Bluff (approx. 2.1 miles away); St. Luke's Church (approx. 5.1 miles away); Pinckney Island (approx. 5.3 miles away); Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (approx. 5.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bluffton.
 
Regarding Bluffton, S.C.. The town of Bluffton, located in what was the King's grant to Lord Proprietor Colleton, has had quite an interesting and important history.Originally settled by Native American tribes who lived off the plentiful oysters, clams and shrimp in local waterways,
Bluffton was ultimately "discovered" by wealthy Savannah plantation owners in the early nineteenth century. At that time, Bluffton served as an important summer destination, where families of area rice and cotton plantation owners could escape the heat and malaria that afflicted coastal plantations in the summer months.
Located on a scenic bluff overlooking the May River, Bluffton offered plenty of boating, fishing, crabbing and shrimping opportunities. With easy access to Savannah, Beaufort and Charleston, Bluffton became an important distribution center, shipping
“Secession Oak,” image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, December 27, 2007
3. “Secession Oak,”
By the early 1840s, though, locals had become increasingly irritated by Federal tariffs on imported merchandise. These duties levied by the government added significant expense to essential goods as well as luxury items coming into the country. From their frustration grew the “Bluffton Movement” in protest to the tariffs. Angry residents met under a massive ancient oak tree in the town which became known as “Secession Oak,” where protests eventually resulted in calls for secession from the Union. Bluffton, as a high-profile headquarters of the Confederate “rebels”, was attacked by Union forces who bombarded and burned the town in June of 1863. Note: Tree is located on Private Property, but visible along Verdier Cove Rd. approx. .2 miles from SC-46
valuable crops across the Southeast and beyond. Eventually, this active commerce brought year-round residents to Bluffton.In 1844, area planters rebelled against unfair federal import taxes, leading to the historic "Bluffton Movement." Area planters gathered beneath what is now known as the "Secession Oak," expressing their desire to secede from the Union.
South Carolina ultimately became the first state to secede from the Union sixteen years later, causing a national uproar.On June 4, 1863, Union gunboats and infantrymen charged up the river to Bluffton to squelch Confederate insurrections.
A fierce battle ensued, but Confederate soldiers were outnumbered and outgunned. When Union forces finally withdrew, dozens of local homes and churches had been shelled, torched or otherwise destroyed.
Over the years, Bluffton has recovered from its losses during the Civil War and grown to become one of the most vibrant metropolitan areas along the South Carolina coast. Many of Bluffton's antebellum homes and churches still stand today, offering a fascinating window into the area's past. With more and more people moving to the Bluffton area each year, the town continues to grow, welcoming new residents from near and far
 
Also see . . .
1. "The Bluffton State of Mind". (Submitted on August 11, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
2. "Bluffton Movement". The
Bluffton, S.C., Last working Oyster Factory in South Carolina image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 3, 2004
4. Bluffton, S.C., Last working Oyster Factory in South Carolina
Also Available is locally caught Shrimp and Blue Crabs, when all are in season
movement collapsed within a short time (Submitted on August 11, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. PoliticsSettlements & Settlers
 
Heyward House, ca. 1840 , home of Bluffton Historical Preservation Society image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 30, 2009
5. Heyward House, ca. 1840 , home of Bluffton Historical Preservation Society
Bluffton Historical Preservation Society, " Seven Oaks", ca. 1850 image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 30, 2009
6. Bluffton Historical Preservation Society, " Seven Oaks", ca. 1850
Bluffton, S.C. Along the May River image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2005
7. Bluffton, S.C. Along the May River
Locally famous Bluffton BBQ sign image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2007
8. Locally famous Bluffton BBQ sign
Bluffton, Local artists at work image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2004
9. Bluffton, Local artists at work
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 11, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 3,398 times since then and 290 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on August 11, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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