Near Mabie in Randolph County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Rich Mountain Battleﬁeld Civil War Site
Confederate Brigadier General Robert S. Garnett ordered fortifications built here to control the turnpike and hold western Virginia for the South. The fort,built of earth and log entrenchments, overlooked the vital road. By July, 1861, Colonel John Pegram commanded Camp Garnett with 1,300 Virginia troops and four cannon.
Union Major General George B. McClellan was charged with securing western Virginia for the Union. On July 9, 1861, he brought over 5,000 troops to Roaring Creek Flats, two miles west of Camp Garnett. Hesitant to attack the well-entrenched Confederate position, McClellan sent Brigadier General William S. Rosecrans with 1,917 troops on a roundabout route to the south up Rich mountain. Guided by David Hart, whose family lived at the pass, the Federals' goal was to capture the turnpike above and behind Camp Garnett.
Gen. Robert S. Garnett
was killed at Corrick's Ford while retreating from his former position at Laurel Hill. He was the first Civil War general to fall in battle.
Gen. George B. McClellan
was called to Washington to lead the federal Army of the Potomac as a result of the victory at Rich Mountain.
connected the Shenandoah Valley with the Ohio River
Location. 38° 52.207′ N, 79° 57.359′ W. Marker is near Mabie, West Virginia, in Randolph County. Marker is on Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in the Rich Mountain Battlefield's Camp Garnett section. Marker is in this post office area: Mabie WV 26278, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. General George B. McClellan (a few steps from this marker); Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike (within shouting distance of this marker); Fortifications (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Artillery (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Camp Garnett (about 300 feet away); Rich Mountain (approx. 1.2 miles away); Battle of Rich Mountain (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Stable Yard (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mabie.
More about this marker.
Also see . . . Rich Mountain Battlefield. An overview of the battle. (Submitted on October 25, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 25, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 817 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 25, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.