Near Mechanicsburg in Hampshire County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Ditch as a Second Line of Defense
From the two southern corners of the redoubt, extensions, or covered ways, connect the ditch to the outer ring of entrenchments. The east-west line created by the covered ways and the ditch of the redoubt provided a second line of defense from attack down the ridge from the south.
At the corners of the redoubt are projecting earthen mounds, or traverses. These projections had several defensive purposes. They strengthened the corner by providing a location in the ditch for fire from the corner as well as a crossing fire along the face of the redoubt. The traverses provided protection for men in one segment of the ditch from explosions in an adjacent segment. They also helped prevent attackers from firing directly down the line of the ditch from the side. Additionally, the traverses could have been used as an additional earthwork from behind which to fire at attackers.
Tues 26. fair wether. I was wagon gard today. we went 8 mils after hay. thair was a drill this eaving. Wed 27. pleasant day. we had drill this eaving. Thur 28. pleasant day
Diary of Joshua Winters, May, 1863.
Location. 39° 19.422′ N, 78° 47.625′ W. Marker is near Mechanicsburg, West Virginia, in Hampshire County. Marker can be reached from Fort Mill Ridge Park Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at trail stop 6 on the tour of Fort Mill Ridge Park. Marker is in this post office area: Burlington WV 26710, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Interior of the Central Redoubt (a few steps from this marker); The Central Redoubt (within shouting distance of this marker); An Outpost in Enemy Territory (within shouting distance of this marker); Control of the Mechanicsburg Gap (within shouting distance of this marker); Engagement with McNeill's Rangers (within shouting distance of this marker); Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Construction of Fort Mill Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker); The Civil War in the South Branch Valley (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsburg.
More about this marker. On the lower left of the marker is a
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 10, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 864 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 10, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.