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Near Mechanicsburg in Hampshire County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge

 
 
Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
1. Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge Marker
Inscription. The Union troops at Fort Mill Ridge continued their duties until June 14, 1863. Then, in response to Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania, Campbell's command was ordered to concentrate with the rest of their division at New Creek (Keyser). Confederate General Imboden's Northwestern Brigade had left the Shenandoah Valley on June 9th, occupied Romney on June 16th, and freely roamed through the countryside taking an unoccupied Cumberland on June 17th before moving east, destroying the railroad as they went.

With Lee's defeat at Gettysburg on July 3rd, the Union troops at New Creek were ordered to move eastward along the Potomac River toward Martinsburg. On August 15th, Campbell's command returned from the east and reoccupied the encampment at Fort Mill Ridge.

Throughout the remaining summer and fall, the Union troops resumed their duties of picketing, patrolling, and drilling. Military activities in West Virginia in the fall of 1863, however, were generally quiet. On November 6, 1863 Campbell's command was ordered north to Springfield. Their departure ended the Union occupation of Fort Mill Ridge and Romney for the remainder of the war. The region continued to be a contested area, however, with forces of both sides passing through the area on various raids and missions until the ending of hostilities.

Fri 12. we had grand
Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
2. Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge Marker
revew today. we sent our knapsacks and all of our baggage to New Crick today. Sat 13. vary warm. I am on battery gard. it is a litening tonight. Sun 14. warm today. we got marching orders for New Crick. we left Romney in the eaving, marched till three at night, halted in a mile and 1/2 of New Crick.

Diary of Joshua Winters, June 1863.
 
Location. 39° 19.417′ N, 78° 47.677′ W. Marker is near Mechanicsburg, West Virginia, in Hampshire County. Marker can be reached from Fort Mill Ridge Park Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at trail stop 10 on the tour of Fort Mill Ridge Park. Marker is in this post office area: Burlington WV 26710, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Control of the Mechanicsburg Gap (within shouting distance of this marker); The Great Raid (within shouting distance of this marker); The Ditch as a Second Line of Defense (within shouting distance of this marker); Interior of the Central Redoubt (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Central Redoubt (about 300 feet away); An Outpost in Enemy Territory (about 400 feet away); Construction of Fort Mill Ridge (about 400 feet away); Engagement with McNeill's Rangers (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsburg.
 
More about this marker.
Section of the Fort's Outer Trenches near the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
3. Section of the Fort's Outer Trenches near the Marker
On the right side of the marker is a Lithograph of the encampment west of Mill Creek from the sketches of Sergeant Major Lucian Gray.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 850 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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