Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Federal Hill

Building the Fort

 
 
Federal Hill Building the Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Pfingsten, September 16, 2007
1. Federal Hill Building the Fort Marker
Inscription. On the evening of May 13, 1861, U.S. General Benjamin E. Butler’s troops occupied Federal Hill and brought their guns to bear on Baltimore. For the next four years the hill, garrisoned by 10 different regiments, served as a strategic Union strong point to control the pro-Southern elements of Baltimore’s population.

The 5th New York Volunteer Infantry pitched its tents here on July 27. Led by Col. Abram Duryee, the unit was outfitted in colorful Zouave uniforms: a tasseled fez, short braided jacket, baggy trousers and long sash inspired by the French Army’s famed North African troops. After Duryee’s second in command, Lt. Col. Gouverneur Kemble Warren, proposed a fort here, ground was broken on August 24. When Duyree was promoted to general, Warren took command as colonel. Laboring in 400-man shifts, the Zouaves constructed a massive earthworks here. The first artillery piece as mounted on October 1, and by the end of the month, 42 guns were added, including 6 8-inch Columbiads and 22 32-pounders. Within the ramparts, regimental carpenters built officers’ quarters and barracks sufficient for 1,000 soldiers.

During eight months of garrison duty, Warren brought the Zouaves to a superb state of discipline and tactical skill, and the regiment made many friends in Baltimore. Sgt. Stephen Bogardus wrote, “Visitors
View from the marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, April 13, 2008
2. View from the marker
flock by every day to view the works and Zou Zous as they were affectionately called us. ... We have hundreds of them to witness our evening parade.” Several Zouaves, including Warren, became engaged to local women. When the unit departed to join the Army of the Potomac, a Zouave wrote, “The men felt as if they were leaving home.”
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 16.818′ N, 76° 36.487′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker can be reached from Warren Street. Touch for map. Marker is in Federal Hill Park. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21230, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Colonel George Armistead ( here, next to this marker); Major General Samuel Smith ( within shouting distance of this marker); Grand Army of the Republic ( about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Federal Hill ( about 400 feet away); Pride of Baltimore ( about 400 feet away); Generating Electricity from the Sun ( approx. 0.2 miles away); Port of Baltimore ( approx. 0.2 miles away); The Olmsted Legacy ( approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baltimore.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
General Warren image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 18, 2014
3. General Warren
Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren, West Point Class of 1850, worked alongside his men inthe construction of Fort Federal Hill, on Zouave noting, "he will handle the shovel or pick as well as any of us."
Close-up of photo on marker
Federal Hill, ca. 1862<br>with Battery Avenue in the foreground. image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 18, 2014
4. Federal Hill, ca. 1862
with Battery Avenue in the foreground.
Close-up of image on marker
Fort Federal Hill<br>by a 5th New York soldier showing company assignments image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 18, 2014
5. Fort Federal Hill
by a 5th New York soldier showing company assignments
Close-up of drawing on marker
Private Frederick Hyde<br>5th New York Volunteer Infantry, Age 18. image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 18, 2014
6. Private Frederick Hyde
5th New York Volunteer Infantry, Age 18.
Close-up of photo on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 17, 2007, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,135 times since then and 88 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 17, 2007, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   2. submitted on April 13, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.   3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 21, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement