Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
War Comes to Fredericksburg
“The General punishes most severely any [soldier] caught in the most trivial act. He says [we must] show the Southern People we will act with true Yankee Hospitality even to the worst treasonable communities.”
—Charles Scriber, 24th New York
May 23, 1862
War first came to Fredericksburg in the spring of 1862 when more than 30,000 Union troops under General Irvin McDowell occupied the area.
Though most of the Union camps lined the ridges east of the river, one brigade occupied the city proper. The Federals’ presence annoyed but little disrupted the city’s 5,000 inhabitants. Few residents fled, and, thanks to strict enforcement of orders in the Union army, the city suffered little damage. The highlight of the occupation came on May 23, when President Abraham Lincoln visited General Marsena Patrick at the Farmer’s Bank building, across the intersection from you.
During his visit to the bank, Lincoln delivered a few words from the steps of the building. By winter the bank would be looted, a victim of the Union depredations prior to the Battle of Fredericksburg.
Caption of picture on the right: General Marsena Patrick, whose headquarters were in the basement of the bank building. The gruff Patrick was a stern disciplinarian; his
Location. 38° 18.137′ N, 77° 27.594′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Princess Anne Street and George Street, on the left when traveling south on Princess Anne Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Courthouse (here, next to this marker); A Vast Hospital (here, next to this marker); The “Demon of Destruction” (here, next to this marker); Gen. Stonewall Jackson (a few steps from this marker); Clara Barton (within shouting distance of this marker); Corporation Court House (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Barton House (within shouting distance of this marker); The Market Square (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Second Town Hall / Market House (about 300 feet away); Fredericksburg United Methodist Church (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
Categories. • Military • Notable Persons • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 19, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,507 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 19, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. 3. submitted on December 14, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.