“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Petersburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


The Revolutionary War

Pocahontas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 21, 2010
1. Pocahontas Marker
Inscription. Positions in the Battle of Petersburg
On 25 April 1781, this part of the community of Pocahontas served as the rear guard staging area for American Major General Frederick von Steuben’s Virginia militia in their defense of Petersburg against the invading British army under Major General William Phillips.

During the evening and night before the battle, troops of Brigadier General Peter Muhlenberg’s Corps had encamped in Pocahontas and on the Heights (now Colonial Heights) above the community to protect the army from any possible British surprise attack. This encampment had also served to receive and assemble additional gathering militia being called up for the emergency. On the morning of the battle, von Steuben moved his army to positions on the eastern edges of Petersburg and Blandford to prepare for battle. He deployed elements of the Chesterfield County militia, under Colonel Robert Goode, and two companies of Lieutenant Colonel Robert Caul’s Virginia cavalry, including one which was commanded by Captain Robert Bolling IV of Petersburg, along this north side of the Appomattox River all the way downstream to Bermuda Hundred. Their mission was to protect the American rear and the Americans’ single avenue of retreat from Petersburg across the Pocahontas Bridge. Upon the retreat of the Americans from their forward
Pocahontas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 21, 2010
2. Pocahontas Marker
position in Petersburg, the units located here provided covering fire as the embattled four regiments successfully crossed the bridge into Chesterfield County and safety. During this retreat, the Virginians sustained their heaviest casualties of the battle, particularly while British artillery fired on their backs as they ascended the steep terrain onto the Heights. At the time of the Revolutionary War, the Appomattox River Diversion Channel on the west and north sides of Pocahontas had not been cut. The marsh on the west side could be forded and traversed.

The Pocahontas community was important for its many warehouses and docks, which supported Petersburg’s large harbor and tobacco economy and maintained military stores for the American Continental Army. The Pocahontas Bridge, a narrow wooden structure, was a significant avenue of movement for troops and supplies of the Continental Army during the war.

Battle Sequence
These three maps show the positions of the British in red and the Americans in blue at various points during the Battle of Petersburg on 25 April 1781. They also have an overlay showing the location of the modern diversion channel, which has changed the course of the Appomattox significantly since that time.
Location. 37° 14.193′ N, 77° 24.136′ W. Marker is in Petersburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Pocahontas Street and Bridge Street, on the right when traveling north on Pocahontas Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Petersburg VA 23803, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pocahontas Island (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle at the Bridge (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); South Side Station (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named South Side Station (approx. ¼ mile away); Bollingbrook Hotel (approx. ¼ mile away); Old Market Square (approx. ¼ mile away); Petersburg’s Old Towne (approx. ¼ mile away); Touring Old Towne (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Petersburg.
More about this marker. On the left are three maps entitled, “First phase of the Battle of Petersburg”, “Second phase of the Battle of Petersburg”, and “Final phase of the Battle of Petersburg”,

On the center is an image of “British Commander Major General William Phillips”. Courtesy of the National Army Museum, London.

On the right is an image of “Major General Frederick Von Steuben from an engraving by Frederick Girsch, courtesy of the Library of Congress.”

On the lower right is an image of “Virginia Militia In Action during the Battle at the Bridge.” Courtesy of the Artist, Robert P. Davis.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Petersburg Virginia - 25 April 1781. (Submitted on January 24, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. American Revolution Round Table - Richmond. The ARRT-R of Richmond is devoted to the study of all aspects of the Revolutionary period (ca. 1763-89). (Submitted on January 24, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US RevolutionaryWaterways & Vessels
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 24, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,000 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 24, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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