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Front Royal in Warren County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Prospect Hill Cemetery

Jackson Prepares for Battle

 

—Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862 —

 
Prospect Hill Cemetery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
1. Prospect Hill Cemetery Marker
Inscription. Devoid of trees in 1862, this hill afforded Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's troops their first good look at Front Royal and the deployments of the Union garrison here. Approaching from the south on the Gooney Manor Road (now Browntown Road), Col. Stapleton Crutchfield, Jackson's artillery chief, posted a battery here. The smoothbore cannon, however, lacked the range to reach the Union guns on Richardson's Hill, a mile an three quarters further north. Lt. Samuel J. Simpson, a native of the area, led Crutchfield's artillery on a path concealed by woods around the western end of town and up the ridge on which Randolph Macon Academy stands. By 3:30 p.m., a Confederate rifled cannon was in position there.

In the meantime, the 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) and the Louisiana Brigade advanced on Front Royal from the southeast. The Marylanders overran pickets who revealed that they were members of the 1st Maryland Infantry (US), which garrisoned the town.

Col. John R. Kenly commanded Front Royal's Federal defenders - a thousand infantrymen and a two-gun section of rifled artillery on Richardson's Hill. With this meager force, he sought to protect the military supplies stored in town, the Manassas Gap Railroad, and the bridges over the forks of the Shenandoah River. When the surviving pickets straggled in, Kenly understood that
Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
2. Battle Map
his force was about to be tested.

(Lower Left Sidebar): On November 7, 1868, the Ladies' Warren Memorial Association was chartered to collect the Confederate dead buried in sites throughout Warren County and rebury them in this circular lot, later called Soldier's Circle. The task of locating and moving the bodies involved much labor and expense and was especially difficult in the post war era. In a short time, however, the remains of 276 soldiers representing every state in the former Confederacy were interred here. Some 90 were identified and placed in separate graves, each with a marble headstone. The remains of 186 unknown soldiers were buried in a common grave in the center of the circle, and on Aug. 24, 1882, the 18-foot-high monument was erected above them. A memorial service is held annually on the anniversary of the Battle of Front Royal.

Several notable local residents are buried elsewhere in Prospect Hill Cemetery. They include Lt. Samuel J. Simpson and Lucy Buck, the diarist.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 54.816′ N, 78° 11.831′ W. Marker is in Front Royal, Virginia, in Warren County. Marker can
Prospect Hill Cemetery Marker and the Soldier's Circle image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
3. Prospect Hill Cemetery Marker and the Soldier's Circle
be reached from West Prospect Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located at Soldiers Circle inside Prospect Hill Cemetery. The cemetery's main entrance is at the west end of Prospect Street. The circle is reached by driving to the right along the one way loop around the cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Front Royal VA 22630, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mosby's Men (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Warren County High School and Massive Resistance (approx. 0.2 miles away); Warren County Confederate Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Warren County Courthouse (approx. 0.4 miles away); Warren County 9/11 Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away); Warren County World War I & II Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away); Warren County Korea & Vietnam Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away); Capture of Front Royal (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Front Royal.
 
More about this marker. On the right, a Front Royal Battle tour map contains an inset map showing the tactical movements described on the marker, and a portrait of Col. Stapleton Crutchfield. The sidebar contains a photograph of the post-war ceremonies at the Confederate monument.
 
Regarding Prospect Hill Cemetery. This
Entrance to Prospect Hill Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
4. Entrance to Prospect Hill Cemetery
marker is one of several from a driving tour of the Front Royal Battlefield. The markers are listed in sequence on the Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Warren County, Virginia Civil War markers.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Front Royal - Prospect Hill Cemetery. Driving tour stop 3 for the Battle of Front Royal. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Image of the Marker. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Battle of Front Royal. The action at Prospect Hill are covered under phases 1, 2, and 3 of the National Parks Service summary of the battle. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Monument to Mosby's Men image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
5. Monument to Mosby's Men
This obelisk was erected in memory of the seven rangers executed on September 23, 1864 nearby. The memorial was erected in 1899 by the survivors of Mosby's command. The monument is flanked by two 30-pdr Parrott Rifles from the Civil War.
Closeup of Mosby's Men Monument image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 27, 2007
6. Closeup of Mosby's Men Monument
“Erected 1899 by the survivors of Mosby’s Command in memory of seven comrades executed while prisoners of war near this spot, September 23rd, 1864. Dolce et decorum est, pro patria mori.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,555 times since then and 122 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6. submitted on November 16, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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