San Antonio in Bexar County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
General David E. Twiggs
Surrender of Federal Forces by
Brought about as Texas moved to expel 2600 Federal troops – a step necessary after secession. Frontier fighter Ben McCulloch with 400 volunteers forced surrender negotiations at headquarters of Gen. Twiggs a block and a half from here, by 4 representatives of the Texas Committee on Public Safety.
Talks began Feb. 8, 1861; were stalled by Feb. 15. That night 90 of McCulloch’s men stole in, fixed guns on Federal sentries and garrison in Alamo Plaza. 300 more Texas troops entered the city. The 160 men of Twigg’s force were disarmed and held in quarters. On Feb. 16, Gen. Twiggs agreed to evacuate his troops with arms and personal gear. Further pressure was used and on Feb. 18 he surrendered over $3,000,000 worth of Federal property; ordnance, wagons, mules, horses, supplies, money and a chain of forts.
Gen. Twiggs, native of Georgia, career soldier, veteran of War of 1812 and Mexican War, was 70 and in poor health. He held sacred his oath as an officer. Since Dec. 27, 1860, he had written 4 times to his superior in Washington General of the Army Winfield Scott, for orders to use in event Texas seceded. He had no reply. Nevertheless, surrender brought him dismissal for treachery – and personal heartbreak.
Erected 1965 by Texas State Historical Survey Committee.
Location. 29° 25.497′ N, 98° 29.634′ W. Marker is in San Antonio, Texas, in Bexar County. Marker is at the intersection of Commerce Street and Main Avenue, on the left when traveling west on Commerce Street. Touch for map. Marker is on the wall near the NE corner of the Municipal Plaza Building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 114 W. Commerce Street, San Antonio TX 78205, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Woll Invasion (here, next to this marker); T.C. Frost and the Frost Bank (a few steps from this marker); Civil War Centennial 1861 - 1961 (a few steps from this marker); San Fernando Cathedral 200th Anniversary (within shouting distance of this marker); Remains of the Alamo Heroes (within shouting distance of this marker); Reaffirming the Miracle of Our Lady of Guadalupe (within shouting distance of this marker); San Antonio de Padua (within shouting distance of this marker); Zero Milestone Old Spanish Trail (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Antonio.
Also see . . .
1. Ben McCulloch. (Submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. David E. Twiggs. (Submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. David E. Twiggs. (Submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Patriots & Patriotism • War of 1812 • War, Mexican-American • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,218 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.