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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Flags of the Fort

 
 
Flags of the Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
1. Flags of the Fort Marker
Inscription. The flags flying from the five shorter flagpoles that surround the American flag represent the flags flown over Fort Sumter during the Civil War.

(Top Left):
The First official flag of the Confederacy, known as the "Stars and Bars," or "First National," was raised in April 1861 when Southern forces occupied Fort Sumter at the start of the Civil War.

(Lower Left):
Flying at the far left, the United States flag with thirty-three stars was the flag of the Union garrison which occupied the fort from December 1860 until Confederate bombardment forced their surrender in mid-April 1861.

(Center):
The color and symbols of the South Carolina state flag represent important events in South Carolina's military history.

Early South Carolina regiments wore blue uniforms with a silver crescent on their caps. In 1776, a flag with a silver crescent on a blue field flew over the palmetto log fort on Sullivan's Island, now the site of Fort Moultrie. In a key Revolutionary War battle, the small garrison of the palmetto log fort repulsed an attack by British warships; the white palmetto tree on the blue field commemorates this battle.

The flag was officially adopted in 1861 and is still used today.

(Upper Right):
The second official Confederate flag, called the "Second National,"
Flags of the Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 4, 2013
2. Flags of the Fort Marker
replaced the first banner in 1863. It flew over the fort until Confederate troops withdrew from all Charleston harbor defenses in February 1865.

(Lower Right):
The United States flag at the far right was raised in February, 1865 when Union forces reoccupied the fort at the end of the Civil War. Note the 35 stars; two new states, Kansas and West Virginia, had joined the Union during the war.
 
Erected by Fort Sumter National Monument, South Carolina - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 32° 45.137′ N, 79° 52.473′ W. Marker is in Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Touch for map. Marker is located at Fort Sumter National Monument and only reached by boat. See links below for more information about access to the site. Marker is in this post office area: Charleston SC 29412, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Moultrie (here, next to this marker); Major Robert Anderson (here, next to this marker); Morris Island (a few steps from this marker); Charleston Besieged (a few steps from this marker); Fort Johnson (a few steps from this marker);
Markers near the Flagpoles image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
3. Markers near the Flagpoles
8-inch (200 Pounder) Parrott (a few steps from this marker); Fort Sumter Today (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Sumter 1861-65 (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charleston.
 
Also see . . .  Directions to Fort Sumter. The only way to reach the fort is by boat. Most visitors use the Spirit Line Cruises, although private boats are allowed. (Submitted on May 17, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Raising the Flags at Fort Sumter image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 4, 2013
4. Raising the Flags at Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter's Flagpoles image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
5. Fort Sumter's Flagpoles
On the day of this visit, not all flags were flying.
Flags of Fort Sumter image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 4, 2013
6. Flags of Fort Sumter
Flags of the Fort image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, July 1991
7. Flags of the Fort
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 17, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 945 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on May 17, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on August 18, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3. submitted on May 17, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on August 18, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5. submitted on May 18, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6. submitted on August 18, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   7. submitted on May 18, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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