Sullivans Island in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Defending Charleston 1861-1865
Rifled artillery appeared shortly before the Civil War and changed coast defense drastically. Rifled guns shot harder, farther, and more accurately than smoothbore cannon and could demolish masonry forts such as Moultrie and Sumter - Union rifled guns pounded Sumter to rubble in 1863. To cope with rifled guns, the Confederates turned Fort Moultrie into a massive earthwork to protect their own heavy rifles and smoothbores.
Civil War artillery were aimed with simple open sights.
8-inch Columbiad rifled and banded
To meet the threat of Union ironclad fleets, General Beauregard, the Confederate commander in Charleston ordered captured smoothbores to be rifled and banded. These guns fired solid iron bolts intended to pierce the armor plating.
One cannon mounted in a fort was equal to several cannon mounted on ships.
When the Civil War began in 1861, Fort Moultrie was armed with 32-pounder smoothbores and light 8-inch columbiads. You can see two 32-pounders mounted on Mordecai front pintle carriages which allowed 180° rotation.
10-inch Confederate Columbiad Smoothbore
Range of artillery used at Fort Moultrie during the Civil War.
32 pound shot
1900 yards (1.1 miles)
8-inch Columbiad Rifled and Banded
157 pound bolt
4000 yards (2.3 miles)
123 pound shot
5600 yards (3.2 miles)
Location. 32° 45.556′ N, 79° 51.496′ W. Marker is in Sullivans Island, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker can be reached from Middle Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at tour stop 4 in Fort Moultrie National Monument. Marker is in this post office area: Sullivans Island SC 29482, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Move a 50,000 pound Rodman Gun (a few steps from this marker); Enlisted Men's Barracks (within shouting distance of this marker); Harbor Defense (within shouting distance of this marker); Harbor Defense 1809-1860 (within shouting distance of this marker); Traverse c.1820 (within shouting distance of this marker); Powder Magazine (within shouting Building Forts (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Moultrie II (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sullivans Island.
Also see . . . Fort Moultrie. National Park Service site for Fort Moultrie. (Submitted on June 16, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 16, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 768 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 16, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.