Hanover in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“Give me liberty or give me death!”
—Patrick Henry, March 23, 1775 —
On July 20, 1774, the freeholders of Hanover County met at Hanover Courthouse and passed the Hanover Resolves, which were directed to Patrick Henry and John Syme, the county’s representatives to Virginia’s first revolutionary convention.
The Hanover Resolves declared: “We are Freemen. We have a Right to be so, and to enjoy all the privileges and Immunities of our Fellow Subjects in England; and while we retain a just sense of that freedom, and those rights and privileges necessary for its safety and security, we shall never give up the right of Taxation. Let it suffice to say, once for all, we will never be taxed but by our own Representatives.”
The Hanover Resolves also called for a meeting of a general congress of deputies from all
Patrick Henry (May 29, 1736 – June 6, 1799) was the leading Virginia statesman in defending the rights of Colonial America.
Following Henry's death, John Adams wrote to Thomas Jefferson singing his praises: “In the Congress of 1774 there was not one member, except Patrick Henry, who appeared to me sensible of the Precipice or rather the Pinnacle on which he stood, and had the candour and courage enough to acknowledge it.”
Henry was the first elected governor of Virginia, a devoted father of 17 children, and the most famous orator of his day. Born in Hanover County, Henry made a name for himself as a young lawyer in the Parsons’ Cause at Hanover Courthouse in 1763. His 1765 resolutions against the Stamp Act articulated the basic principles of the American Revolution. Henry is perhaps best known for his immortal words “Give me liberty or give me death,” which he delivered during the Second Virginia Convention in a speech to fellow delegates George Washington and Thomas Jefferson at St. John’s Church in 1775. His impassioned words helped move colonists toward American independence
Known as the “Voice of the Revolution,” Henry’s political career included 26 years of service in the Virginia legislature and five terms as governor. He helped draft the Virginia Constitution of 1776 and its Declaration of Rights. A leading critic of the U.S. Constitution, Henry also strongly influenced the creation of the Bill of Rights. Following his death, Henry was buried at Red Hill Plantation, now the site of the Patrick Henry National Memorial.
Erected 2010 by The Road to Revolution Heritage Trail. (Marker Number 6.)
Location. 37° 45.793′ N, 77° 22.031′ W. Marker is in Hanover, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Hanover Courthouse Road (U.S. 301) and County Complex Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hanover VA 23069, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Hanover Courthouse (a few steps from this marker); Hanover Confederate Soldiers Monument (a few steps from this marker); Patrick Henry (within shouting distance of this marker); Hanover Tavern Hanover Tavern (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Hanover Tavern (about 400 feet away); The Colonial River Road (approx. 0.9 miles away); John Henry Smyth (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hanover.
More about this marker. On the left is a photo of "Hanover Courthouse, late 19th Century". On the right is an "Article reporting “The Hanover Resolves” Digital History Center, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation".
Also see . . .
1. The Road to Revolution Heritage Trail. (Submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Hanover County Courthouse (pdf file). National Register of Historic Places (Submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 924 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.