Hanover in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“Give me liberty or give me death!”
—Patrick Henry, March 23, 1775 —
In his first prominent case as an attorney, Patrick Henry defended Sheriff Thomas Johnson of Louisa County who was responsible for the collection of tax levies, against a lawsuit for back pay brought by the Reverend James Maury in the name of the vestry of Fredericksville Parish. In November 1763, the justices had already ruled in Maury’s favor. The December hearing was held only to determine the amount of back pay the vestry owed him. Patrick Henry argued that by interfering with laws passed
Patrick Henry (May 29, 1736 – June 6, 1799) was the leading Virginia statesman in defending the rights of Colonial America.
Following Henry's death, John Adams wrote to Thomas Jefferson singing his praises: “In the Congress of 1774 there was not one member, except Patrick Henry, who appeared to me sensible of the Precipice or rather the Pinnacle on which he stood, and had the candour and courage enough to acknowledge it.”
Henry was the first elected governor of Virginia, a devoted father of 17 children, and the most famous orator of his day. Born in Hanover County, Henry made a name for himself as a young lawyer in the Parsons’ Cause at Hanover Courthouse in 1763. His 1765 resolutions against the Stamp Act articulated the basic principles of the American Revolution. Henry is perhaps best known for his immortal words “Give me liberty or give me death,” which he delivered during the Second Virginia Convention in a speech to fellow delegates George Washington and Thomas Jefferson
Known as the “Voice of the Revolution,” Henry’s political career included 26 years of service in the Virginia legislature and five terms as governor. He helped draft the Virginia Constitution of 1776 and its Declaration of Rights. A leading critic of the U.S. Constitution, Henry also strongly influenced the creation of the Bill of Rights. Following his death, Henry was buried at Red Hill Plantation, now the site of the Patrick Henry National Memorial.
Erected 2010 by The Road to Revolution Heritage Trail. (Marker Number 6.)
Location. 37° 45.789′ N, 77° 22.028′ W. Marker is in Hanover, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Hanover Courthouse Road (U.S. 301) and County Complex Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hanover VA 23069, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hanover Confederate Soldiers Monument (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Hanover Courthouse (a few steps from this marker); Patrick Henry Hanover Tavern (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Hanover Tavern (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Hanover Tavern (about 400 feet away); The Colonial River Road (approx. 0.9 miles away); John Henry Smyth (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hanover.
More about this marker. On the left is a "Sketch of Hanover County’s courthouse and jail, included in Benson Lossing’s 1851 book. Lossing, 1974". On the right is a painting, “Patrick Henry Arguing the Parsons’ Cause at Hanover Courthouse” by George Cooke, c.1834 Virginia Historical Society, Richmond.
Also see . . .
1. The Parson's Cause Foundation. (Submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. The Road to Revolution Heritage Trail. (Submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Patriots & Patriotism •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,257 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.