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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fernandina Beach in Nassau County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Fort San Carlos

 
 
Fort San Carlos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 25, 2010
1. Fort San Carlos Marker
Inscription. On this bluff overlooking the Amelia River, Fort San Carlos was completed by the Spanish in 1816. The fort was made of wood and earthworks and was armed with eight or ten guns. As the Spanish Empire disintegrated, Fort San Carlos became increasingly vulnerable to foreign intervention. Commissioned by representatives of revolting South American countries to liberate Florida from Spanish control, Sir Gregor MacGregor seized the fort in June, 1817. After his withdrawal in September, the Spanish attempt to reassert their authority was repelled by forces led by MacGregor's lieutenants, Jared Irwin and Ruggles Hubbard. Somewhat later, the pirate Luis Aury gained control of the fort. Because Aury's privateering threatened negotiations concerning the cession of Florida, United States troops occupied Fort San Carlos in December, 1817. Although upset by U.S. interference at Fort San Carlos, Spain did cede Florida in 1821, and the U.S. abandoned the fort shortly after the transferral. Archaeologists estimate that two-thirds of the area has disappeared through erosion.
 
Erected 1976 by General Duncan Lamont Clinch Historical Society of Amelia Island in cooperation with Department of State. (Marker Number F-250.)
 
Location. 30° 41.305′ 
Fort San Carlos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 25, 2010
2. Fort San Carlos Marker
View looking west with historical marker in the foreground and in the background of view of where Someruelus Street ends at the Amelia River.
N, 81° 27.379′ W. Marker is in Fernandina Beach, Florida, in Nassau County. Marker is at the intersection of Estrada Street and Someruelus Street, on the right when traveling south on Estrada Street. Touch for map. This historical marker is located at the northeastern end of Amelia Island in Fernandina Plaza Historic State Park, which is situated along the Amelia River, near the confluence of the Amelia River with the St. Marys River. It is in this area that the St. Marys River marks Florida's northern boarder with Georgia. Marker is in this post office area: Fernandina Beach FL 32034, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Plaza San Carlos (within shouting distance of this marker); McClure's Hill (approx. 0.6 miles away); Fort Clinch Military Road (approx. one mile away); Fernandez Grant (approx. one mile away); Fort Clinch (approx. 1.1 miles away); Phelan-Verot House Built Prior to 1866 (approx. 1.1 miles away); David L. Yulee (approx. 1.2 miles away); First Presbyterian Church (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fernandina Beach.
 
More about this marker. It would seem that the Fort San Carlos area is an important part of Amelia Island's rich and storied past. One of it's more unusual claims to fame is that there has been eight different
Fort San Carlos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 25, 2010
3. Fort San Carlos Marker
View looking northwest showing the Fernandina Plaza Historic State Park.
flags hoisted above the Fort San Carlos area, more, it is alleged, than any other location in the United States of America.

The eight different flags that have flown above Amelia’s shores are: French from 1562-1565; Spanish 1565-1763; British 1763-1783; Spanish (again) 1783-1821 with 3 interruptions — Patriots 1812, Green Cross of Florida 1817, Mexican Rebel Flag 1817; United States of America 1821 to present with one interruption — the Confederate Flag, 1862
 
Also see . . .
1. Fernandina Beach FL. This link provides historical information on Fernandina Beach, Florida, and discusses briefly the Fort San Carlos. (Submitted on July 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. Moments in History: Gregor MacGregor Captures Amelia Island, Florida. This link, provided by the Amelia Island Living eMagazine & Travel Guide, gives some additional historical information on the history of Fort San Carlos. (Submitted on July 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesMilitary
 
Fort San Carlos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 25, 2010
4. Fort San Carlos Marker
View looking northwest of historical marker with the Amelia River's confluence with the St Marys River in the background.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,357 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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