Phoebus in Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“Thirst for Knowledge”
Mary Peake, a free-born African American, had disregarded the law and taught slaves to read in her home near the Hampton Academy. After her house and the town of Hampton were burned on August 7, 1861, she taught in an abandoned cottage next to the Chesapeake Baptist Female Seminary. Peakeís death from tuberculosis in 1862 ended her outstanding work but did not end educational opportunities for contrabands. The American Missionary Association, a New York-based Christian philanthropic society, sent the Rev. Lewis C. Lockwood to Hampton in its first missionary endeavor of the war. When Lockwood arrived in September 1861, he noted that the “parents and children are delighted with the idea of learning to read.” The association established two
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 37° 1.385′ N, 76° 19.833′ W. Marker is in Phoebus, Virginia, in Hampton. Marker can be reached from Emancipation Drive 0.1 miles east of East Tyler Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23669, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hampton Institute (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Emancipation Oak (within shouting distance of this marker); John Baptist Pierce (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Phoebus Second Church at Kecoughtan (approx. ľ mile away); The Hampton Indian Program (approx. 0.4 miles away); Camp Hamilton (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named Phoebus (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Phoebus.
More about this marker. On the lower left are a photo of “Gen. Benjamin Butler” and a sketch carrying the caption, “Contrabands escaping,” May 29, 1864 by Edwin Forbes. Many thousands of slaves emancipated themselves by fleeing to Union lines after Butlerís “contraband of war” decision became Federal policy. – Courtesy Library of Congress
On the upper right are a photo of “Mary Peake – Courtesy Hampton University Museum” and a sketch of “The Butler School” – Courtesy Timothy L. Smith
Also see . . .
1. Emancipation Oak. Hampton University (Submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Mary Peake. African American Trailblazers in Virginia History, Library of Virginia (Submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. Tidewater Virginia - More Civil War Sites. Virginia Civil War Trails (Submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Education • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 11, 2018. This page originally submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,262 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.