Phoebus in Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“Thirst for Knowledge”
Mary Peake, a free-born African American, had disregarded the law and taught slaves to read in her home near the Hampton Academy. After her house and the town of Hampton were burned on August 7, 1861, she taught in an abandoned cottage next to the Chesapeake Baptist Female Seminary. Peakeís death from tuberculosis in 1862 ended her outstanding work but did not end educational opportunities for contrabands. The American Missionary Association, a New York-based Christian philanthropic society, sent the Rev. Lewis C. Lockwood to Hampton in its first missionary
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 37° 1.385′ N, 76° 19.833′ W. Marker is in Phoebus, Virginia, in Hampton. Marker can be reached from Emancipation Drive 0.1 miles east of East Tyler Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23669, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hampton Institute (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Emancipation Oak (within shouting distance of John Baptist Pierce (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Phoebus (approx. 0.2 miles away); Second Church at Kecoughtan (approx. ľ mile away); A National Cemetery System (approx. ľ mile away); Hampton VAMC National Cemetery (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Hampton Indian Program (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Phoebus.
More about this marker. On the lower left are a photo of “Gen. Benjamin Butler” and a sketch carrying the caption, “Contrabands escaping,” May 29, 1864 by Edwin Forbes. Many thousands of slaves emancipated themselves by fleeing to Union lines after Butlerís “contraband of war” decision became Federal policy. – Courtesy Library of Congress
On the upper right are a photo of “Mary Peake – Courtesy Hampton University Museum” and a sketch of “The Butler School” – Courtesy Timothy L. Smith
Also see . . .
1. Emancipation Oak. Hampton University (Submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Mary Peake. African American Trailblazers in Virginia History, Library of Virginia (Submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Education • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Emancipation Oak.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 21, 2019. This page originally submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,352 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.