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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Madison in Dane County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Eagle Effigy

 
 
Eagle Effigy Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
1. Eagle Effigy Marker
Inscription.
Largest Indian Mound of its Type in Wisconsin
Body 131 Feet Wingspread 624 Feet
Marked by the Wisconsin Archeological Society
July 30, 1910

 
Erected 1910 by the Wisconsin Archeological Society.
 
Location. 43° 7.781′ N, 89° 23.851′ W. Marker is in Madison, Wisconsin, in Dane County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Cinder Lane and Muir Drive. Touch for map. The marker is behind the cottages at the end of the drive that is the first left hand turn off Cinder Lane on the grounds of the Mendota Mental Health Institute. Marker is in this post office area: Madison WI 53704, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Warner Park (approx. 1.2 miles away); Robert M. La Follette Home (approx. 1.6 miles away); Bird Effigy Mound (approx. 2.4 miles away); Burrows Park (approx. 2.4 miles away); Tenney Park Lock and Dam (approx. 2.8 miles away); Sherman Avenue Crossing (approx. 2.8 miles away); Tenney Park (approx. 2.9 miles away); a different marker also named Tenney Park (approx. 3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Madison.
 
Regarding Eagle Effigy. According to a 1996
Eagle Effigy Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
2. Eagle Effigy Marker
Looking toward the northeast wing of the eagle effigy.
survey by Robert A. Birmingham and Katherine H. Rankin entitled Native American Mounds in Madison and Dane County, "Portions of two impressive mound groups are preserved on the hospital grounds. One is referred to as the Mendota State Hospital Group. It contains some of the finest and largest effigy mounds anywhere in the world. Included are three very large birds, including one with an original wingspan of over 624 feet. Two panthers remain, one of which has an unusual curved tail; this one has also been called a squirrel. A rare deer effigy was sculpted with four legs, rather than the two legs usually seen. Two bears, several conicals and one undetermined shape also remain of a group that once included at least six more mounds.

"The second group, called the Farwell's Point Group, is west of the first on a point of land 70 feet above lake level. Among these mounds are a dozen large and small conicals, the tallest of which is ten feet high. Traces of two linears, parts of two panthers, a bird and an undefined effigy also remain. Other mounds, including several conicals, linears, a bird, a goose, a bear and a possible dragonfly effigy were destroyed by construction of the state hospital buildings and roads. The mounds here were probably built over a 1000 year period. The large conicals are believed to have been built during the Middle Woodland stage, while the effigies
Eagle Effigy Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
3. Eagle Effigy Marker
Looking toward the head of the eagle effigy.
and other low mounds probably date to the Late Woodland stage.

"Archeologists have also found Native American village sites and traces of ancient corn hills on the Hospital grounds. The panoramic view of Lake Mendota and its shores from this point is one of the best anywhere on the lake.

"To view these two groups, check in first at the Administration Building. From Troy Drive, take the main road into the hospital grounds; the Administration Building is the first building on the right.

"After checking in, continue along the Main Drive to the first intersection and turn left. The panther with the curved tail is in a clearing on the right. Further along this road, take the next left, which will lead to a parking lot. The Mendota State Hospital Group covers a large section of ground both behind and in front of these buildings. The old Victorian fence posts mark the main formal axis of the original hospital grounds. They were taken from the grounds of the State Capitol when the current capitol building was constructed.

"The Farwell's Point group is further to the west. Follow the main drive westward until it forms a T-intersection with Memorial Drive. Turn left on Memorial Drive and follow the main loop around to the north. The mounds are clearly visible on both sides of the road."
 
Also see . . .  Madison is an Indian mound capital
Eagle Effigy Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
4. Eagle Effigy Marker
View of the marker (left center) from the head of the eagle effigy.
. (marker describing area effigy mounds with links to markers for same) (Submitted on September 1, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.) 
 
Categories. Native Americans
 
Eagle Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
5. Eagle Effigy
View from the northeast wingtip looking southwest.
East Bird Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
6. East Bird Effigy
View of the east bird effigy from its western wingtip.
Southwest Bird Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
7. Southwest Bird Effigy
View from the southwest wingtip.
Pear-Shaped Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
8. Pear-Shaped Effigy
With Lake Mendota in the background and the Wisconsin State Capitol on the horizon.
Pear-Shaped Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
9. Pear-Shaped Effigy
View from the south.
Deer Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
10. Deer Effigy
View from the head of the effigy.
Deer Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
11. Deer Effigy
Though difficult to discern, this is a view of the hind legs of the rare four legged effigy.
Panther Effigy image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
12. Panther Effigy
Mendota State Hospital Group image. Click for full size.
By Native American Mounds in Madison and Dane County, 1996
13. Mendota State Hospital Group
Black shading shows existing effigies and grey shading shows lost effigies.
Farwell's Point Group image. Click for full size.
By Native American Mounds in Madison and Dane County, 1996
14. Farwell's Point Group
Black shading shows existing effigies and grey shading shows lost effigies.
Circular Mounds in the Farwell's Point Group image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, September 5, 2010
15. Circular Mounds in the Farwell's Point Group
Sign at Troy Drive looking down Main Drive image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 31, 2010
16. Sign at Troy Drive looking down Main Drive
The Mendota Mental Health Institute incorporates the eagle effigy into its signage.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 31, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 1,207 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 31, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.   7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on September 2, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.   15. submitted on September 6, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.   16. submitted on August 31, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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