“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ellicott City in Howard County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Ellicott’s Mills

A Town Divided

Ellicott’s Mills - A Town Divided Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
1. Ellicott’s Mills - A Town Divided Marker
Inscription. By the 1850s, a prosperous community was located here around the Ellicott family gristmills and ironworks established in the 1770s. When the Civil War began in 1861, the town's population exceeded 2,000. Although the mill workers and merchants of Howard County primarily supported the Union, there were those in town with Confederate sympathies. The Hayden family lived on the hill behind you. Horace and William served in the 1st Maryland Cavalry, CSA. Horace entered the Staunton Virginia Theological Seminary in 1864 and became an ordained minister in 1867. Their sister Kate lived in Ellicott's Mills throughout the war and saved newspaper clippings and images of southern heroes in her scrapbook as the war progressed.

Other residents who remained loyal to the Union joined the First Maryland Infantry. Several merchants’ sons organized “broomstick brigades,” decorated themselves with ribbons liberated from their mothers’ bonnets, and marched forth to attack their pro-Confederate counterparts near the Hilton estate (which the boys nicknamed Helltown). Later, one recalled, The “old fields” and unfenced acres of mammoth cherry trees were the extreme limit of our marches. We stacked our arms overlooking the secession colony. The sentinels looked toward the enemy's breastworks as the real attack was made upon the fruit trees. We marched toward Helltown and met up with the Hilton girls. We sang [to the tune of “Buffalo Gals”], ‘Helltown gals won’t you come out tonight and dance by the light of the moon.’ The girls charged us, boxed our ears and smacked chops. They continued to pass around their compliments until our retreat. This ended the campaign against Helltown.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 16.125′ N, 76° 48.062′ W. Marker is in Ellicott City, Maryland, in Howard County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (Maryland Route 144) and Ellicott Mills Drive, on the right on Main Street. Touch for map. West of this marker Route 144 is called Frederick Road. Marker is in this post office area: Ellicott City MD 21042, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The National Road (here, next to this marker); MaryLandscapes (here, next to this marker); New Fire Station & Transit Terminal (within shouting distance of this marker); Ellicott City Volunteer Fire Department (within shouting distance of this marker); Jonathan Ellicott Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Baltimore Regional Trail (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Firehouse Museum (approx. 0.2 miles away); Taylor's Row (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ellicott City.
Also see . . .  Maryland Civil War Trails, Baltimore Region Tour. Web site for these markers. (Submitted on March 9, 2006.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 9, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,141 times since then and 74 times this year. Last updated on November 4, 2010, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. Photo   1. submitted on March 9, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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