“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Elizario in El Paso County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

San Elizario

San Elizario Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 4, 2010
1. San Elizario Marker
Inscription. San Elizario was established in 1789 on the former site of Hacienda de Los Tiburcios as a Spanish Colonial Fort known as the Presidio of San Elceario. The Presidio was moved from its former location (approx. 37 mi.S) in response to requests from settlers for military protection from Indian raids. It operated as a Spanish Fort until 1814, when troops withdrew during the Mexican War for Independence (1810-1821).

During its years as a part of Mexico, the Presidio of San Elceario (now San Elizario) was occupied periodically by Mexican troops. A reduced military presence resulted in the Fort's decline.

American control of the area began in 1848, with the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which established the Rio Grande as the border between the United States and Mexico. When the County of El Paso was organized in 1850, the town of San Elizario was chosen as the first county seat and served as such until 1873. In 1877 it was the scene of the crisis known as the Salt War, in which local businessmen attempted to control the salt market that had operated since colonial times.

Although San Elizario was bypassed by the railroad and has become a rural farming community, it remains an important element in the region's rich heritage.
Erected 1985 by Texas Historical Commission
San Elizario Memorial Plaza image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner
2. San Elizario Memorial Plaza
San Elizario Marker is the second marker on the right.
Marker series. This marker is included in the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro marker series.
Location. 31° 35.117′ N, 106° 16.379′ W. Marker is in San Elizario, Texas, in El Paso County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Church Road and Glorietta Road. Touch for map. Marker is located at the San Elizario Memorial Plaza. Marker is in this post office area: San Elizario TX 79849, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Juan de Onate Expedition - 1598 (here, next to this marker); Espejo Beltran Expedition - 1582-1583 (here, next to this marker); San Elizario Memorial Plaza (here, next to this marker); Rodriguez-Chamuscado Expedition - 1581 (here, next to this marker); Salt War (here, next to this marker); The First Thanksgiving (here, next to this marker); The Camino Real (here, next to this marker); Los Portales (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Elizario.
Categories. Forts, CastlesSettlements & Settlers
San Elizario Chapel image. Click for full size.
By Sandie Kirchner, November 4, 2010
3. San Elizario Chapel
San Elizario Mission image. Click for full size.
By Michael Stroud, June 1996
4. San Elizario Mission
Note that the front of the mission chapel had not been repaired when this photo was taken in 1996
Mission Interior image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, December 26, 2007
5. Mission Interior
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 16, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 575 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 16, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.   4. submitted on January 14, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   5. submitted on May 11, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement