The National Mall in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Colossal Head 4 (replica)
—San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Vera Cruz, 1200-900 B.C.E. —
This portrait of an Olmec ruler is among 17 colossal heads known from one of the world’s great ancient civilizations. Without wheels or iron tools, the Olmec created spectacular monumental sculptures and ceremonial centers on Mexico’s Gulf Coast.
In 1946, Smithsonian archaeologist Matthew W. Stirling excavated the 6-ton basalt original of this head, which is on display at the Museum of Anthropology in Xalapa, Veracruz.
[Map of the Gulf of Mexico region, locating the “Olmec Culture.”]
Replica carved from welded volcanic ash by Ignacio Perez Solano and presented to the Smithsonian Institution by the government of the state of Veracruz, Mexico, and the Washington Center for Internships and Academic Seminars, October 2001.
Erected 2001 by the State of Veracruz, Mexico, and the Washington Center for Internships and Academic Seminars.
Location. 38° 53.504′ N, 77° 1.598′ W. Marker is in The National Mall, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Constitution Avenue, NW (U.S. 1/50) east of 12th Street, NW, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is on the grass at the northwest exterior of the Smithsonian Institution Museum of Natural
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cedar of Lebanon (within shouting distance of this marker); Solomon G. Brown (within shouting distance of this marker); Equal Justice Under the Law (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Our Tax Dollars (about 400 feet away); Petrified Wood (about 500 feet away); Nathan Hale (about 700 feet away); The American Elm that Grew Along with America (about 700 feet away); Triceratops horridus (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in The National Mall.
Also see . . .
1. Olmec. (Submitted on January 8, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Alternative Origin Speculations. (Submitted on January 8, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Mesoamerica; National Mall.
Categories. • Anthropology • Arts, Letters, Music • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 20, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 7, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 801 times since then and 34 times this year. Last updated on January 10, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 7, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 4. submitted on January 22, 2018, by Devry Jones of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.