“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Libertytown in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)


Hot, Humid, and Worn Out

Libertytown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 3, 2007
1. Libertytown Marker
Inscription. Click to hear the inscription.  Gettysburg Campaign
On June 29, 1863, the Army of the Potomac's II Corps, commanded by Gen. Winfield S. Hancock, broke camp south of Frederick near the Monocacy River, marched into Frederick, and turned eastward on the road to Liberty (Libertytown). The men perspired as the sun rose, and the heat caused "the salty liquid to get into the eyes, causing them to burn and smart, and it ran from down under the cap, through the dust and down the sides of the face which was soon covered with muddy streaks, the result of repeated wipings upon the sleeves of the blouse."

Gen. John Gibbon, commanding the corps' Second Division, was a tough regular army officer, but he realized that his volunteers were faltering. The 19th Massachusetts Infantry had a glee club, and Gibbon wanted it to sing rousing, morale-raising songs. Col. Arthur F. Devereux ordered his his singers to the front, where they broke into a stirring marching son. "The effect was magical," remembered one Bay Stater. Although they hoped to bivouac in Liberty, some reinvigorated soldiers made it all the way to Uniontown in Carroll County before they halted for the night.

Libertytown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 3, 2007
2. Libertytown Marker
The dark blue, arrowed lines indicate movements completed to the point in time discussed in the marker's text. Lighter blue lines indicate movements afterwards towards Gettysburg.
division was heavily engaged at Gettysburg on July 2-3, suffering 1,651 casualties. The 19th Massachusetts lost 77 killed, wounded, and missing, likely including several members of the glee club that sang so lustily on that hot June day.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 29.054′ N, 77° 14.174′ W. Marker is in Libertytown, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is on Liberty Road / Main Street (Maryland Route 26), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located along the entrance to Libertytown Community Park. Marker is in this post office area: Libertytown MD 21762, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Israel's Creek (approx. 5.2 miles away); George Poe (approx. 5.2 miles away); George Washington (approx. 6.4 miles away); Safety Follows Wisdom (approx. 6.4 miles away); Blue Ridge College Bell (approx. 6.4 miles away); The First Reaping Machine (approx. 6.4 miles away); “Pipe Creek Meeting” (approx. 6.6 miles away); Birthplace of William Henry Rinehart (approx. 6.6 miles away).
More about this marker.
Libertytown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 3, 2007
3. Libertytown Marker
On the lower left are portraits of Gen. Gibbon and Col. Devereux. On the right is a campaign map showing the routes taken by the Union armies pursuing to Gettysburg is on the lower right, captioned, "Position of the Union Army of the Potomac June 29, 1863 (midday). New Union commander Gen. George G. Meade orders his army north with two objectives: Engage the Confederate army under the best possible conditions while protecting Washington, D.C. Learning that the Union army was close and getting closer, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee orders his army to consolidate somewhere near the Maryland-Pennsylvania border."
Also see . . .  19th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (Submitted on December 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,266 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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