Capitol Hill in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II
On February 19, 1942, 73 days after the United States entered World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 which resulted in the removal of 120,000 Japanese American men, women, and children from their homes in the western states and Hawaii.
Allowed only what they could carry, families were forced to abandon homes, friends, farms and businesses to live in ten remote relocation centers guarded by armed troops and surrounded by barbed wire fences. Some remained in the relocation centers until March 1946.
[Panel 2 of the historical narrative at memorial entrance]:
In addition, 4,500 were arrested by the Justice Department and held in internment camps such as at Santa Fe, New Mexico; 2,500 were also held at the family camp in Crystal City, Texas.
Answering the call to duty, young Japanese Americans entered into military service, joining many pre-war draftees. The 100th Infantry Battalion an 442nd Regimental Combat Team, fighting in Europe, became the most highly decorated Army unit for its size and length of service in American military history. Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service used their bilingual skills to help shorten the war in the Pacific and thus saved countless American lives.
[Panel 3 of the historical narrative at memorial entrance]:
In 1983, almost forty years after the war ended, the federal Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians found that there had been no military necessity for the mass imprisonment of Japanese Americans and that a grave injustice had been done.
In 1988, President Ronald W. Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act which made an apology for the injustice, provided minimal compensation, and reaffirmed the nation's commitment to equal justice under the law for all Americans.
Erected 2000 by National Japanese American Memorial Foundation.
Location. 38° 53.672′ N, 77° 0.629′ W. Marker is in Capitol Hill, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Louisiana Avenue, NW, just east of New Jersey Avenue, NW, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. The National Japanese American Memorial marker is located just north of the Capitol on a triangular plot bounded by Louisiana Avenue, New Jersey Avenue and D Street NW. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20001, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Acacia Life Insurance Building – 1936 Robert A Taft (about 700 feet away); U.S. Reservation 196 (approx. 0.2 miles away); “The Presidentís Trees” (approx. 0.2 miles away); Capitol Square, NW (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Capitol Square (approx. 0.2 miles away); Famine-Genocide in Ukraine (approx. 0.2 miles away); Delaware Avenue & Columbus Circle, NE (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Capitol Hill.
Also see . . .
1. 442nd Regimental Combat Team. (Submitted on June 8, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Japanese American Internment. (Submitted on June 8, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Nisei
Categories. • Asian Americans • Civil Rights • Heroes • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 7, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,003 times since then and 36 times this year. Last updated on February 26, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 7, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 5. submitted on June 8, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on June 7, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.