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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Gardiner in Park County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

Wildlife of the Northern Range

 
 
Wildlife of the Northern Range Marker image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 23, 2009
1. Wildlife of the Northern Range Marker
Inscription. Elk - Sometimes called "wapiti" (the Shawnee word for "one with a white rump"), elk are often seen in large herds in open areas where they graze on grasses and forbs. Bull elk have antlers that they shed every year. Each spring as the elk age, the new antlers grow larger, and the branching increases. Calves, born in June, are spotted for the first few months of their life, which helps camouflage the from predators.

Bison - Bison, also called "buffalo," can weigh up to one ton, and both sexes have horns. Calves are born in late April and May and are reddish brown. Bison may appear tame and slow but are unpredictable and dangerous. Every year, a number of visitors approach bison too closely and are injured.

Pronghorn - Pronghorn are unique to the plains of western North America. Both sexes of this distinctly colored animal have horns, but males have a black band from their eyes to their snout and also on their necks. Pronghorn have keen eyesight and escape predators by sprinting away at nearly 50 miles per hour, making them the fastest animal on the continent.

Bighorn Sheep - Bighorn sheep live in rocky, cliffy terrain. The bottoms of their hooves are concave, which makes them sure-footed in this habitat. Males (rams) have distinctive curved horns, which become larger and
Wildlife of the Northern Range Marker with two additional markers nearby image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 23, 2009
2. Wildlife of the Northern Range Marker with two additional markers nearby
more curled as they grow older. Females (ewes) have smaller horns that curve backward over their heads.

Mule Deer - Mule deer are so named because of their large, mule-like ears. They also have black-tipped tails, leading some to call them "black-tailed deer." Males (bucks) have antlers, and females (does) do not. Mule deer are browsers, eating more leaves, twigs, and shrubs than grasses.

Wolf - Reintroduced into Yellowstone in 1995, wolves have made a dramatic recovery. Wolves live in family groups, called packs, and hunt elk, bison, moose, and smaller animals cooperatively in their pack's territory. Wolves come in colors ranging from black to gray to white and have long legs, bushy tails, and short rounded ears. Five to seven pups are born in the spring and are cared for by the entire pack.

Coyote - Coyotes are often seen in the park - and often mistakenly identified as wolves. Coyotes are smaller and more slender than wolves and have larger ears, which are pointed. Coyotes are most often seen alone or in pairs hunting for mice and voles in open meadows, although cooperative pack hunting for larger animals like deer and elk occurs in Yellowstone.
 
Erected by This exhibit made possible by a generous grant to the Yellowstone Park Foundation in memory of Katie L. Rhoads.
 
Location.
Herd of Wapiti - Shawnee for "one with a white rump" image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 23, 2009
3. Herd of Wapiti - Shawnee for "one with a white rump"
45° 1.15′ N, 110° 41.478′ W. Marker is near Gardiner, Montana, in Park County. Marker is on North Entrance Road 0.9 miles south of West Park Street, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. 0.4 miles south of the official entrance (where you pay) to the park. Marker is in this post office area: Gardiner MT 59030, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wildlife Migrations (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Yellowstone's Northern Range (approx. 0.3 miles away); A Wildlife Paradise (approx. 0.3 miles away); Roosevelt Arch (approx. one mile away); Boiling River Trail (approx. 1.9 miles away in Wyoming); Mt. Everts Mudslides (approx. 2.8 miles away in Wyoming); Mail Carrier’s Cabin (approx. 2.9 miles away in Wyoming); Road Builders (approx. 3 miles away in Wyoming). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gardiner.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located at a wide pull-off with 2 additional markers, each about 6 feet apart from one another.
 
Regarding Wildlife of the Northern Range. Photographs of the wildlife that are included with this and the other two associated markers are from throughout the Northern Range of the park, with some actually located right near the north entrance
Two young Bison (i.e. Buffalo) playing image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 24, 2009
4. Two young Bison (i.e. Buffalo) playing
(where so noted).
 
Categories. AnimalsNatural FeaturesNatural Resources
 
Male Pronghorn Antelope image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 23, 2009
5. Male Pronghorn Antelope
Note black band from snout to eyes and around neck.
Large Bison you wouldn't want to tangle with image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 24, 2009
6. Large Bison you wouldn't want to tangle with
Female Pronghorn Antelope image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 23, 2009
7. Female Pronghorn Antelope
Note lack of black band from snout to eyes and around neck.
Herd of Bighorn Sheep on hillside image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 24, 2009
8. Herd of Bighorn Sheep on hillside
Herd of Bighorn Sheep by roadside image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 24, 2009
9. Herd of Bighorn Sheep by roadside
Black-tailed or Mule Deer image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 23, 2009
10. Black-tailed or Mule Deer
Note black tips on tails and large ears.
Pack of Wolves in distance image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 24, 2009
11. Pack of Wolves in distance
Wolf pack on the move image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 24, 2009
12. Wolf pack on the move
Pair of Coyotes in the distance image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 24, 2009
13. Pair of Coyotes in the distance
Roaming the snowy rangeland searching for small mammals and left-overs from wolf packs.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 27, 2011, by Rich Pfingsten of Forest Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 483 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. submitted on February 27, 2011, by Rich Pfingsten of Forest Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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