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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hawthorne in Alachua County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Hawthorne

 
 
Hawthorne Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2011
1. Hawthorne Marker
Inscription.
In 1774, noted botanist William Bartram travelled across what is now the southeastern corner of Alachua County following an old Indian and trading trail. In Florida's territorial period, English-speaking settlers used the same route as a frontier road. By 1840, another road form the north crossed that trail near present day Hawthorne. In 1848, Morrison had begun to operate a mill there on what Bartram had described as a "rapid brook." A United States post office called Morrison's Mills was established at that site in 1853 in order to serve the increasing population of the area.

(Reverse text)
In 1879, the Peninsular Railroad was completed from Waldo to Ocala, bypassing Morrison's Mills. In that year, a new town grew up nearer the railroad. This village was at first called Jamestown, but in 1880, the name was changed to Hawthorne. Both names were in honor of James M. Hawthorn, a local landowner. In 1881, the Florida Southern Railway was completed from Palatka to Gainesville, crossing the Peninsular Railroad at Hawthorne. In the 1880's the community there was also known unofficially as Wait's Crossing in reference to another family living in the area. In 1883, a stone quarry near Hawthorne became the site of Florida's earliest phosphate mill. The mill was operated for two years by Dr. C. A. Simmons, who in 1879
Hawthorne Marker, reverse side image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 15, 2011
2. Hawthorne Marker, reverse side
had been the first person to recognize phosphate in Florida. However, the most important resources of the Hawthorne area have been its agricultural and forestry products such as sea island cotton and turpentine.
 
Erected 1973 by Alachua County Historical Commission In Cooperation With Department of State. (Marker Number F- 212.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the William Bartram Trails marker series.
 
Location. 29° 35.656′ N, 82° 5.201′ W. Marker is in Hawthorne, Florida, in Alachua County. Marker is on 221st Street near 65th Avenue, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hawthorne FL 32640, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Edgar Post Office (approx. 8 miles away); Melrose Veterans Memorial (approx. 8.2 miles away); Melrose Cemetery (approx. 8.2 miles away); Melrose (was approx. 8.3 miles away but has been reported missing. ); Melrose High School (approx. 8.4 miles away); Melrose Woman's Club (approx. 8 miles away); Rochelle Vicinity (approx. 8 miles away); Earleton, Florida (approx. 10 miles away).
 
Regarding Hawthorne. Due to financial difficulties, the
Hawthorne Marker seen looking north along 221st Street image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 15, 2011
3. Hawthorne Marker seen looking north along 221st Street
Atlantic, Gulf and West India Transit Company was reorganized as the Florida Transit Company in 1881, under the control of Sir Edward James Reed. The company was restructured again as the Florida Transit and Peninsular Railroad in 1883.

The Florida Transit and Peninsular Railroad was merged with the Florida Central and Western Railroad, Fernandina and Jacksonville Railroad and Leesburg and Indian River Railroad in 1884-85 to form the Florida Railway and Navigation Company.
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
Hawthorne Marker, looking south image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 15, 2011
4. Hawthorne Marker, looking south
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 23, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 24, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 897 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 25, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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