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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Middletown in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Middletown

Union Left Flank

 

—Gettysburg Campaign —

 
Middletown – Union Left Flank Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 2, 2006
1. Middletown – Union Left Flank Marker
Inscription. Late in June 1863, the Union Army of the Potomac pursued Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as it invaded the North for the second time. The Federal left flank under Gen. John F. Reynolds occupied the Middletown Valley, June 25–27, holding South Mountain passes against a possible Confederate advance. In Burkittsville, III Corps guarded Crampton's Gap, I and XI Corps defended Fox's and Turner's Gaps respectively. On Saturday night, June 27, valley farmers and villagers brought pies, cakes, and milk to the camps. The next morning, while church bells rang in Burkittsville, Jefferson, and Middletown, Reynolds and his men marched away to Frederick to take the roads that led to Gettysburg.

After the battle, most of the Union army returned to the valley in pursuit of the Confederates retreating to Virginia, and Gen. John Buford led his Federal cavalry through Middletown on July 7. The I and IV Corps entered the valley through the Hamburg Pass, while V and XI Corps, accompanied by commanding Gen. George G. Meade, marched by here on the National Road. The rest of the army moved on to Jefferson, Burkittsville, and Crampton's Gap by July 10. Union soldiers washed their clothing and leather equipment in the refreshing waters of Catoctin Creek. During the next week, supply wagons carried provisions to the army while it confronted
Close-Up of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats
2. Close-Up of Map on Marker
Click image to zoom in. Position of the Union Army of the Potomac June 27, 1863. The Union army, commanded by Gen. Joseph Hooker, moves north in pursuit of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate army which was invading Pennsylvania.
Lee across the Potomac River.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 26.63′ N, 77° 32.879′ W. Marker is in Middletown, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of West Main Street (Alternate U.S. 40) and Elm Street, on the left when traveling west on West Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 West Main Street, Middletown MD 21769, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Middletown (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Middletown (here, next to this marker); Appleman's Tannery (a few steps from this marker); Middletown in the Civil War (within shouting distance of this marker); Joshua Beckwith House (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middletown.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits of Gens. John Buford and John F. Reynolds. A Gettysburg campaign map on the lower right details the location of the Federal army by corps on June 27.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Middletown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 12, 2011
3. Middletown Marker
Markers in front of The Lamar House image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 2, 2006
4. Markers in front of The Lamar House
This marker, and two others, facing the sidewalk in front of the Lamar House, once a turn-of-the-19th-century rural medical sanitarium. It is now headquarters for The Central Maryland Heritage League.
Middletown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 24, 2009
5. Middletown Marker
Markers located on right
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 27, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,932 times since then and 72 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 27, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   3. submitted on April 14, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4. submitted on June 25, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   5. submitted on August 9, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
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