Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
“It was one continued roar of cannons & musketry you could not hear yourself think. Such desperate fighting never graced the pages of history.” David Hyde, 9th Pennsylvania Reserves
In these fields and woods unfolded the largest and bloodiest battle of the Seven Days—Gaines’ Mill. On the morning of June 27, 1862, Union General Fitz John Porter deployed his entire Fifth Corps, over 27,000 in total, behind the swampy waters of Boatswain’s Creek. He ordered a hundred guns to unlimber along the length of this plateau, known locally as Turkey Hill.
Around noon Lee’s forces converged on Porter’s mile-and-a-half front. Confederate probes struck first near the Union center before expanding to the left and right. The climax of the fighting occurred around 7:00 p.m. when General Hood’s Confederates broke through the Union position along the creek and swarmed up the hillside in front of you, spearheading the largest charge Lee’s Confederate army would make during the war—almost 55,000
Erected 2011 by Richmond National Battlefield Park.
Location. 37° 34.48′ N, 77° 17.475′ W. Marker is in Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from Watt House Road (Virginia Route 718) 0.7 miles south of Cold Harbor Road (Virginia Route 156). Touch for map. This marker is located in the Gaines' Mill Battlefield unit of the Richmond National Battlefield Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6283 Watt House Road, Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gaines' Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Seven Days Battles (within shouting distance of this marker); Powerful Position (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lee’s First Victory: At a Huge Cost (about 300 feet away); The Watt House (about 300 feet away); Confederate Pursuit (about 300 feet away); Springfield Plantation (about 300 feet away); Union Artillery (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsville.
Also see . . .
1. Richmond National Battlefield Park. (Submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Gaines’ Mill. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. The Battle of Gaines' Mill. Civil War Trust (Submitted on June 13, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
4. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “The Battle of Gaines' Mill” (Submitted on June 13, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,049 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.