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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
East Liverpool in Columbiana County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Land Ordinance of 1785 / The Seven Ranges

 
 
Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, July 3, 2011
1. Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker
Inscription.
Side A:
Land Ordinance of 1785
In April 1784, the Continental Congress adopted the Report of Government for the Western Territory, a broad plan drafted primarily by Thomas Jefferson for organizing the United States' new western lands that were ceded by the states and purchased from Native Americans. One of the most far-reaching legislative acts in American history, the resulting Land Ordinance of 1785, passed on May 20th, established the public land system by which all federal land was surveyed and distributed. The Ordinance established a rectilinear survey system that divided land into townships of six miles square aligned by north-south and east-west baselines, and set aside certain lands for Revolutionary War veterans and for public schools.

Side B:
The Seven Ranges
In late 1785, Thomas Hutchins, geographer of the United States, began the first federal land survey according to the terms of the recent Land Ordinance of 1785. Hutchins' party extended a base line (the Geographer's Line) from the Pennsylvania border due westward from the north bank of the Ohio River, laying out the northern boundary of seven ranges of townships. Each six-mile-square township was subdivided into one-mile-square sections with a north-south row called a range. A one-mile-square
The Seven Ranges Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, July 3, 2011
2. The Seven Ranges Marker
section (640 acres) was the smallest unit offered for sale at public auction. As few could afford to purchase a section at $1.00 per acre, land sold slowly. The presence of illegal settlers and tensions with Native Americans slowed the surveying process and only Ohio's Seven Ranges was completed under the first survey.
 
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Marietta Chapter NSDAR, The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 18-15.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 40° 38.547′ N, 80° 31.147′ W. Marker is in East Liverpool, Ohio, in Columbiana County. Marker is on Harvey Avenue (Ohio Route 39) 0.4 miles east of Bushwick Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at a roadside pull off at the Ohio/Pennsylvania state line. Marker is in this post office area: East Liverpool OH 43920, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Gateway To The Northwest (here, next to this marker); The Point of Beginning (a few steps from this marker in Pennsylvania); Beginning Point of the U. S. Public Land Survey (within
Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, July 3, 2011
3. Land Ordinance of 1785 Marker
shouting distance of this marker); The Sandy and Beaver Canal (approx. 0.4 miles away in Pennsylvania); First Paper Mill / Little Beaver Creek Bridge (approx. 0.9 miles away); Smiths Ferry (approx. 0.9 miles away in Pennsylvania); The Penna - Virginia Boundary (approx. 0.9 miles away in Pennsylvania); Georgetown (approx. one mile away in Pennsylvania). Touch for a list and map of all markers in East Liverpool.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 4, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,051 times since then and 68 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 4, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.   2. submitted on July 5, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.   3. submitted on July 4, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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