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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Independence in Jackson County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Independence

 
 
Independence Marker (Side A) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 21, 2011
1. Independence Marker (Side A)
Inscription.
Side A:
Independence, famed "City of the Trails," was for two decades the starting point of the great western trade and travel routes to Santa Fe, Oregon, and California. Settled mainly by Southerners on land ceded the U.S. by the Osage Indians, 1825, it was built on the site chosen, 1827, for the seat of Jackson County, organized, 1826, named for Andrew Jackson, 7th U.S. President.

Trader, settler, and gold seeker traveling overland or by boat to the nearby Wayne City or Blue Mills landings outfitted here. Washington Irving called Independence the "utmost verge of civilization," 1832, but by 1849 it was losing to Westport, up the trail.

Over 1,200 Latter Day Saints (Mormons) settled here, 1831-33, led by Joseph Smith, who declared this region the new Zion. Anti-Mormon hostility brought conflict and their expulsion from the county.

In the Mexican War, 1846-48, the county supplied Co. A of Doniphan's regiment of Missouri volunteers. William Gilpin, later first governor of Colorado Territory, but then of this town, was regimental major.
(See other side)


Side B:
(Continued from other side)
Early settlers called this region the Blue Country. Expressive of their pleasure in clear springs, bright sky, and prairie haze are many local names using this word.

Independence,
Independence Marker (Side B) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 21, 2011
2. Independence Marker (Side B)
within the orbit of Union control during the Civil War, was twice held by Confederate troops. In 1863 Union General Thomas Ewing, by military order, evicted rural residents of this and other border counties to curb guerrilla warfare. The devastating cruelty of this action is shown in George Caleb Bingham's painting "Order No. 11," which he began here, 1865.

Here is the "Summer White House," home of Harry S. Truman, U.S. President, 1945-53, first from Missouri and second born west of the Mississippi. Among other places of interest are the Memorial Building; replica of first courthouse; and Auditorium of the Reorganized Church of Latter Day Saints.

Josiah Gregg (1806-1850), author of "The Commerce of the Prairies," classic history of the Santa Fe trade, lived here, as did Lilburn W. Boggs, lieutenant governor of Missouri, 1832-36, and governor, 1836-40.
 
Erected 1953 by State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Missouri, State Historical Society of, and the Santa Fe Trail marker series.
 
Location. 39° 6.135′ N, 94° 25.413′ W. Marker is in Independence, Missouri, in Jackson County. Marker is at the intersection of Delaware Street and U.S. 24, on the left when traveling north on
Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 21, 2011
3. Independence Marker
Looking northeast toward the Truman Library.
Delaware Street. Touch for map. Marker is at the entrance to Slover Memorial Park and the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 500 West Highway 24, Independence MO 64050, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Harry S. Truman Historic District (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); "The Neck" (about 600 feet away); The Harry S. Truman Library (about 600 feet away); Truman Library Veterans Memorial Carillon (about 700 feet away); The Eternal Flame of Freedom (about 700 feet away); Liberty Bell Replica Marker (about 700 feet away); Harry S. Truman Grave (about 800 feet away); Vaile Mansion (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Independence.
 
Also see . . .
1. Visit Independence, Missouri. (Submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Santa Fe National Historic Trail. (Submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Oregon National Historic Trail. (Submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. California National Historic Trail. (Submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
5. Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum
Slover Memorial Park Entrance Column image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 21, 2011
4. Slover Memorial Park Entrance Column
Located just north of the Independence marker
. (Submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
6. The Civil War in Missouri. (Submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.Industry & CommerceSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 549 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 7, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.   4. submitted on July 8, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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