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Lincolnton in Lincoln County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Battle of Ramsour's Mill

 
 
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
1. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
Inscription. By the spring of 1780 the war for America's independence, begun five years earlier in Massachusetts, had moved south. Following decisive victories in Georgia and South Carolina, the British army under the command of Lord Cornwallis was poised to enter North Carolina.

In early June, Lieutenant Colonel John Moore and Major Nicholas Welch, native sons of Lincoln County from the Indian Creek settlement, returned home and issued a call for local residents to assemble and support the British. Moore and Welch had earlier joined with the British to help organize Loyalist militia units. By the evening of June 19, over 1,000 men and boys, many of them unarmed, camped on the east bank of Clark's Creek on the land of Christian Reinhardt. On the west bank of the creek, opposite Reinhardt's farm, was a gristmill operated by Jacob Ramsour.

While the Loyalists were assembling on Clark's Creek, a Patriot force of some 400 men was being gathered to disperse them. Composed primarily of men from Rowan, Burke, Iredell and Mecklenburg counties, these militia units, commanded by various officers, had been together for some time. On the evening of June 19, the Patriot force, about one-fourth of the men mounted cavalry, assembled on Mountain Creek that was located sixteen miles northeast of Ramsour's Mill.

In a discussion of possible
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
2. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
action, cavalry officers Major James Rutherford and Captain Galbraith Falls proposed making a surprise attack. After considerable debate by other officers, a decision was made to attack the Loyalist encampment at daybreak. The Patriot militia units left Mountain Creek and made a night march to Ramsour's Mill.

At dawn on Tuesday, June 20, 1780, a heavy fog blanketed Christian Reinhardt's farm. Led by their cavalry, the Patriots marched to battle, coming close to the encampment before being discovered. The surprise attack caught the Loyalists off guard, but they quickly rallied and opened a destructive fire. In the first charge, Captain Gilbraith Falls was mortally wounded. Fighting became fierce, often hand to hand, but gradually Patriot forces gained the advantage. The Loyalists retreated down the ridge toward the mill, crossing to the west side of the creek where they quickly dispersed into the countryside. In less than two hours, all fighting had ceased.

As the morning fog lifted, the scene revealed many dead and wounded men scattered across the battlefield. An estimated seventy men had been killed and two hundred wounded, some so severely that they died within days. Casualties were about equally divided between the two sides, although the Patriot loss in officers was quite high.

By midday, a large force of Patriot militia commanded by General
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
3. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
Griffith Rutherford reached the battlefield. Work began at aiding the wounded and burying the dead. While bodies of some men killed in the battle were returned to their homes for burial, the majority of the dead were placed in a deep trench on the west side of the hill. Unable to distinguish Loyalist from Patriots since the men wore no uniforms, the dead were respectfully buried together. As men continued to die from their wounds in the coming days, other graves had to be opened.

Today, the 1780 farm of Christian Reinhardt contains three modern public schools, athletic fields, playgrounds, streets, and parking lots. Dotted among them are four known burial sites.
 
Erected by Lincoln County Historical Association.
 
Location. 35° 28.607′ N, 81° 15.96′ W. Marker is in Lincolnton, North Carolina, in Lincoln County. Marker can be reached from Jeb Seagle Drive 0.2 miles north of Linwood Drive, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lincolnton NC 28092, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The John Martin Shuford Gravesite (within shouting distance of this marker); The Patriot Captains' Gravesite (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
4. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
marker also named Battle of Ramsour's Mill (approx. 0.4 miles away); Michael Hoke (approx. half a mile away); Robert F. Hoke (approx. half a mile away); U.D.C. Memorial Hall (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of Ramsour's Mill (approx. 0.6 miles away); André Michaux (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lincolnton.
 
More about this marker. On the upper right is a photograph with the caption, "This early twentieth-century photograph shows onlookers peering over the remains of Ramsour's Mill. Deidrich Ramsour built the mill on the west side of Clark's Creek around 1770. He died in 1780 and his son Jacob was operating the mill at the time of the Battle of Ramsour's Mill. (Courtesy of Lincoln County Historical Association and Lincoln County Museum of History.)

On the upper right is a photograph with the caption, "Ramsour's Mill Battle site and Whig Captains' grave, ca. 1914. (Courtesy of the Lincoln County Historical Association and Lincoln County Museum of History.)

On the lower right
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
5. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
is an aerial photograph showing the location Ramsour's Mill and the four known burial sites.
 
Also see . . .  The Ramsour's Mill Battleground. Lincoln County Historical Association (Submitted on July 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesWar, US Revolutionary
 
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
6. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
7. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, July 9, 2011
8. The Battle of Ramsour's Mill Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2011, by Stanley and Terrie Howard of Greer, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 591 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 10, 2011, by Stanley and Terrie Howard of Greer, South Carolina. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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