Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Riverton in Pendleton County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Last Union Raid

End of the War in Pendleton County

 
 
Last Union Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, July 19, 2011
1. Last Union Raid Marker
Inscription. On the evening of January 13, 1865, Union Maj. Elias S. Troxel, 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry, was leading a two-hundred-man scouting expedition south from New Creek in present-day Mineral County. After passing through Petersburg, he joined Capt. John Boggs and forty members of the Pendleton County Home Guard near present-day Seneca Rocks. From Boggs, Troxel learned that Confederate soldiers and artillery were in Franklin. As Troxel later reported, "After a toilsome march across mountains during the night, I arrived near the place about 5 o'clock in the morning and ... charged the town, expecting to find the enemy quartered in the courthouse, but to my disappointment found the place evacuated, the enemy having received notice of my coming a few hours previous, and fled to the mountains." The disappointed Troxel retraced his steps to Seneca Rocks, where he scattered a detachment of Lt. Jesse McNeill's Rangers and then returned to New Creek.

Troxel's failed attack at Franklin--the last such raid into Pendleton County--was attributed to two resourceful women, Phoebe and Mary Jane Warner. They lived in the valley below you, and learning of Troxel's approach, the mother and daughter decided to alert the Pendleton County Dixie Boys and the Pendleton Reserves. They walked over snow-covered North Mountain on foot. Phoebe borrowed a horse at
Photo on Last Union Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, July 19, 2011
2. Photo on Last Union Raid Marker
Zebedee and Phoebe Warner House - Courtesy James Boggs Camp, S.C.V.
the home of John Bowers and rode into town. She informed John Wilson, who spread the word. Troxel took local resident Jacob F. Johnson prisoner, but Johnson escaped when Confederate sympathizers fired on Troxel's column near Ruddle.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 42.352′ N, 79° 24.082′ W. Marker is near Riverton, West Virginia, in Pendleton County. Marker is on U.S. 33 2 miles west of Bland Hills Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Franklin WV 26807, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Germany Valley (here, next to this marker); "Battle" of Riverton (approx. 3.1 miles away); a different marker also named The "Battle" of Riverton (approx. 3.2 miles away); Oriskany Sand (approx. 3.3 miles away); Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand (approx. 3.4 miles away); Spruce Knob (approx. 4.8 miles away); Pendleton County World War I Memorial (approx. 5.8 miles away); Franklin (approx. 5.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Riverton.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Photo on Last Union Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, July 19, 2011
3. Photo on Last Union Raid Marker
Left: Capt. John Boggs, Courtesy Pendleton County Historical Society
Right: Mary Jane Warner, Courtesy Warner Family
Photo on Last Union Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, July 19, 2011
4. Photo on Last Union Raid Marker
Cavalry scouting in the mountains at night, Courtesy Library of Congress
Last Union Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman
5. Last Union Raid Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 25, 2011, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 805 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 25, 2011, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.
Paid Advertisement