Mebane in Alamance County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Johnston Moves West
—Carolinas Campaign —
Here, on the rainy morning of April 15, 1865, the southern column of Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s Army of Tennessee approached the crossroads on your right along the road to your left as it marched west away from Union Gen. William T. Sherman’s army. The column, under Gen. William J. Hardee, had bivouacked in Chapel Hill on the campus of the University of North Carolina. Supposed to move out at 4:30 A.M. toward Greensboro, it did not depart until after 6:00. Its destination
Hardee’s column included the 3rd North Carolina Junior Reserves (72nd North Carolina State Troops) under Col. John W. Hinsdale. Sixteen- and seventeen-year-old Alamance and Forsyth County boys comprised Co. C. Hinsdale later wrote that “our line of march was on the Salisbury and Hillsboro road, over which 200 years before the Catawba Indians passed in their visits to the Tuscaroras in the East. Governor [William] Tryon and later Lord Cornwallis had led their troops over this historic way in the vain endeavor to subdue the men whose sons now trod footsore and weary over the same red hills, engaged in a like struggle for local self government.” The column departed from that path here and headed to Ruffin Mills.
The winter of 1864-65 had been very wet, and early in April a flood destroyed all of the bridges across the Haw River except the railroad bridge at Granite Mills. The choice of crossing had potentially fatal consequences because of high water.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 2.524′ N, 79° 19.898′ Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3176 NC 119, Mebane NC 27302, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. W. Kerr Scott (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Alexander Wilson (approx. 1.2 miles away); Hawfields Church (approx. 1.8 miles away); John Butler (approx. 2.2 miles away); a different marker also named Johnston Moves West (approx. 2˝ miles away); Nathaniel Polk DeShong (approx. 3.8 miles away); Thomas M. Holt (approx. 3.8 miles away); Graham College (approx. 4.2 miles away).
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 12, 2011, by Dave Simpson of Durham, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 563 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 12, 2011, by Dave Simpson of Durham, North Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.