West Point in Orange County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Buﬀalo Soldier Field
This athletic field is named in honor of the men of the Ninth and Tenth U.S. Cavalry Regiments, detachments of which once served at West Point. These Regiments of Horse Cavalry were first created by the Army Reorganization Act of 1866, and their early service was on the western frontier. They were composed of Black American troops, who were called “Buffalo Soldiers” by their Indian foes, a sobriquet they adopted with pride.
During the Indian Wars of 1867 – 1891 the Ninth and Tenth Cavalries participated in eleven campaigns against hostile Indians, among whom were included Kiowas, Comanches, Utes, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Kickapoos, Apaches, and Sioux. They were engaged in over 125 recorded battles and skirmishes, most of them in Texas and New Mexico, but also including actions in Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Arizona, Wyoming, the Dakotas, Idaho, Montana, and Mexico. Some were major engagements, but many were detachment actions in which noncommissioned officers held the command, and there were many examples of hardships withstood and heroism displayed. Other duties included guarding the border, apprehending bandits and cattle thieves, and maintaining order in sparsely settled and unruly territory.
In the War with Spain both Regiments were in the Cuban Expedition of 1898. The Tenth made the frontal attack
Subsequently the Ninth Cavalry was sent to the Philippines, where it saw action in numerous skirmishes from 1900 to 1902 during the insurrection. The Tenth eventually returned to border duty in the southwest, and accompanied General Pershing on the Punitive Expedition of 1916, being engaged at Agua caliente, Parral, and Carrizal.
In 1907 a detachment of the Ninth Cavalry was assigned to West Point in support of cadet riding instruction and mounted drill, which was conducted on the ground now occupied by the athletic field and formerly known as the Cavalry Plain. In 1931 it was replaced by the 2nd Squadron of the Tenth Cavalry, which remained at West Point until inactivation in 1946.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Buffalo Soldiers marker series.
Location. 41° 22.78′ N, 73° 57.625′ W. Marker is in West Point, New York, in Orange County. Marker is at the intersection of Mills Road and Thayer Road, on the left when traveling west on Mills Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: West Point NY 10996, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Thomas Hall (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Thayer Gate (approx. 0.2 miles away); Buffalo Soldiers (approx. ¼ mile away); 1st Infantry Regiment (approx. ¼ mile away); USMA Crest (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fort Meigs (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fort Wyllys (approx. 0.4 miles away); Class of June 1943 Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Point.
More about this marker. The emblems of the Ninth Cavalry and Tenth Cavalry appear at the top of the marker.
Also see . . . A Brief History of the Buffalo Soldiers. (Submitted on September 18, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • African Americans • War, Spanish-American • War, World I • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 18, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 835 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 18, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.