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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
New London in New London County, Connecticut — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Revolutionary War Privateering

Led to Benedict Arnold’s Attack

 
 
Revolutionary War Privateering Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 9, 2011
1. Revolutionary War Privateering Marker
Inscription.
When the colonies chose revolution, the Continental Congress appointed Nathaniel Shaw to be in charge of Connecticut’s Navy. That navy consisted largely of privateers, privately-owned armed vessels, licensed to attack British shipping. Privateers were allowed to claim their cargos to sell for profit.

Through most of the Revolutionary War, New York City was British headquarters. This made Long Island Sound a prime location for commerce-raiding. New London had 59 licensed privateers and captured over 200 merchant ships carrying a plentiful supply of goods.

The British commander decided to punish New London and sent Benedict Arnold to lead a raid. On September 6, 1781 Arnold’s forces captured Fort Trumbull and Fort Griswold, in Groton, slaughtering 80 of the defenders. In New London, the entire waterfront was set ablaze. Warehouses, homes, businesses, public buildings and ships were destroyed.
 
Location. 41° 21.264′ N, 72° 5.627′ W. Marker is in New London, Connecticut, in New London County. Marker is at the intersection of Water Street and State Street, on the left when traveling north on Water Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New London CT 06320, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this
Markers in New London image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 9, 2011
2. Markers in New London
Several markers can be found in the New London plaza. The Revolutionary War Privateering marker is the center of those seen here.
marker. Revolutionary New London (here, next to this marker); Nathan Hale (here, next to this marker); Nathan Hale Schoolhouse (a few steps from this marker); New London Soldiers & Sailors Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Whaling in New London (within shouting distance of this marker); Native Americans (within shouting distance of this marker); The Roots of the US Coast Guard (within shouting distance of this marker); The Atlantic Trade (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New London.
 
Also see . . .
1. History of Fort Trumbull. Account of the raid on New London from the Friends of Fort Trumbull website. (Submitted on October 14, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Battle of Groton Heights. Account of the battle across the river from the Friends of Fort Griswold website. (Submitted on October 14, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
Revolutionary War Privateering Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 9, 2011
3. Revolutionary War Privateering Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 14, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 559 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 14, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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