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Louisa in Louisa County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Custer Rescued

An All-out Assault

 
 
Custer Rescued Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
1. Custer Rescued Marker
Inscription. The Battle of Trevilian Station
By mid-morning on June 11, 1864, Gen. George A. Custer's attack on Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton's wagon train here had gone from success to near disaster as Southern cavalry surrounded Custer's force. A staff officer of Gen. Alfred T.A. Torbert, Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's 1st Cavalry Division commander, finally discovered Custer's predicament and reported it to Torbert. About 2 p.m., Torbert launched an all-out assault along the railroad with three brigades that broke through to Custer's Michigan men and rescued them. The 10th New York Cavalry of Col. J. Irvin Gregg's brigade also captured Trevilian Station. The Federals now controlled this portion of the Virginia Central Railroad, including the depot and Nertherland Tavern.

Two hours later, Confederate Gens. Matthew C. Butler and Thomas L. Rosser counterattacked along the Union west front, but Rosser received a serious leg wound and the attack faltered. The first day's fighting sputtered out as Hampton's division withdrew toward Gordonsville and Gen. Fitzhugh Lee's division retired east, leaving Sheridan's weary but victorious troopers in control of the battlefield. Hampton's men were still full of fight, however, and still sat astride Sheridan's route to Gordonsville.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil
Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
2. Battle Map
Note the north seeking arrow pointed to the bottom of the map.
War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 3.053′ N, 78° 4.439′ W. Marker is in Louisa, Virginia, in Louisa County. Marker is at the intersection of Louisa Road (U.S. 33) and Danne Road (County Route 682), on the right when traveling west on Louisa Road. Touch for map. Located at the east entrance to the K & B Gas Station (BP). Marker is at or near this postal address: 17561 Louisa Road, Louisa VA 23093, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Custer's First Last Stand (here, next to this marker); Trevilian Station Battle (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Trevilians (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Trevillians (about 700 feet away); Netherland Tavern (approx. 0.9 miles away); Ogg Farm (approx. 1.6 miles away); Bibb's Crossroads (approx. 2.8 miles away); Green Springs (approx. 3.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Louisa.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left the marker displays portraits of Gens. Custer and Torbert. On the right is a map depicting this phase of the battle.
 
Regarding Custer Rescued.
Trevilian Station Battlefield Driving Tour Stop Seven image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
3. Trevilian Station Battlefield Driving Tour Stop Seven
This is one of several markers interpreting the Battle of Trevilian Station, June 11-12, 1864. See the Battle of Trevilian Station Virtual Tour by Markers linked below for additional related markers.
 
Also see . . .
1. Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation. The foundation has worked to preserve the remaining sections of the battlefield. A detailed self-guided driving tour of the battlefield is offered. This marker is at stop seven of the tour. (Submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Trevilian Station. National Park Service summary of the battle. (Submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Battle of Trevilian Station Virtual Tour by Markers. A set markers that document the Battle of Trevilian Station, June 11-12, 1864. The order of appearance is generally aligned to the National Parks Service and Trevilian Station Foundation driving tours. (Submitted on January 21, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Trevilian Station Preservation Efforts. Civil War Preservation Trust continues efforts to set aside portions of the battlefield. Their site discussing the effort offers a wealth of background information about the battle, an article by noted historian Eric Wittenberg, and excellent maps of the
Butler's Defensive Line image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
4. Butler's Defensive Line
The Virginia Central Railroad runs through the tree line in the distance behind the houses. Confederate Gen. Butler's brigade defended along the railroad line to the north of the marker location. The Confederates were forced out of these positions when Torbert drove his command to rescue Custer.
battle. (Submitted on November 25, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Looking East from the Marker Location image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
5. Looking East from the Marker Location
Devin's Federal Brigade crossed the railroad and the Gordonsville Road a few yards east of this point to link up with Custer's surrounded command. Custer's troopers had fallen back from their original position at Mildred Crossing, to the east, where Nunn's Creek Road intersects the Gordonsville Road.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,363 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4, 5. submitted on January 21, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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