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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Louisa in Louisa County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Bibb's Crossroads

First Shots

 
 
Bibb's Crossroads Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
1. Bibb's Crossroads Marker
Inscription. The Battle of Trevilian Station
A 9,300-man Union cavalry force under Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, on a raid to destroy parts of the Virginia Central Railroad, camped a few miles east on June 10, 1864. The next morning, Gen. Wesley Merritt's brigade, followed by Col. Thomas C. Devin's brigade, moved out of their camps near the Buck Chiles and Woolfolk farms about 5 a.m. With Gen. Alfred T.A. Torbert in personal command, the troopers marched southwest along the Fredericksburg Stage Road toward Trevilian Station.

Pickets of the 4th South Carolina Cavalry of Confederate Gen. Matthew C. Butler's brigade at Bibb's Crossroads surprised Merritt's troopers and fired the first shots of the main battle. Merritt and Devin immediately deployed their men into line of battle, and Col. J. Irvin Gregg's brigade with three batteries of horse artillery came up in support. Butler deployed his own troopers as well as the Georgians of Col. Gilbert J. Wright's brigade, and a heavy dismounted engagement developed along the Fredericksburg Stage Road.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 5.189′ N, 78° 2.906′ 
Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
2. Battle Map
Note the north seeking arrow pointed to the bottom of the map.
W. Marker is near Louisa, Virginia, in Louisa County. Marker is on Oakland Road (County Route 613), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located at the Ebenezer United Methodist Church, stop four on the self guided driving tour of the battlefield. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3092 Oakland Road, Louisa VA 23093, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Netherland Tavern (approx. 2.5 miles away); Ogg Farm (approx. 2.7 miles away); Clayton's Store (approx. 2.8 miles away); Custer Rescued (approx. 2.8 miles away); Custer's First Last Stand (approx. 2.8 miles away); Trevilian Station Battle (approx. 2.8 miles away); Battle of Trevillians (approx. 2.9 miles away); Battle of Trevilians (approx. 2.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Louisa.
 
More about this marker. The center of the marker features portraits of Gens. Matthew C. Butler and Alfred Torbert. On the right a map depicting the action at this phase of the battle, as described in the text.
 
Regarding Bibb's Crossroads. This is one of several markers interpreting the Battle of Trevilian Station, June 11-12, 1864. See the Battle of Trevilian Station Virtual Tour by Markers linked below for additional related markers.
 
Also see . . .
Tour Stop Four - Ebenezer Methodist Church image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
3. Tour Stop Four - Ebenezer Methodist Church
The church was not on this site at the time of the battle, but dates to the later part of the 19th century.

1. Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation. The foundation has worked to preserve the remaining sections of the battlefield. A detailed self-guided driving tour of the battlefield is offered. This marker is at stop four of the tour. (Submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Trevilian Station. National Park Service summary of the battle. (Submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Battle of Trevilian Station Virtual Tour by Markers. A set markers that document the Battle of Trevilian Station, June 11-12, 1864. The order of appearance is generally aligned to the National Parks Service and Trevilian Station Foundation driving tours. (Submitted on January 21, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Trevilian Station Preservation Efforts. Civil War Preservation Trust continues efforts to set aside portions of the battlefield. Their site discussing the effort offers a wealth of background information about the battle, an article by noted historian Eric Wittenberg, and excellent maps of the battle. (Submitted on November 25, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Old Fredericksburg Stage Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
4. Old Fredericksburg Stage Road
Looking from the marker location to the south. Merritt's troopers, including some of the US Regulars cavalry and the 6th Pennsylvania, deployed astride the road here facing south to meet the Confederate cavalry.
Tour Stop Five - Hampton's Charge image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
5. Tour Stop Five - Hampton's Charge
About two miles south along Oakland Road (Old Fredericksburg Stage Road) from the Bibb's Crossroads marker is the un-marked (presently) site of Hampton's Charge. This view is from the ground held by the Confederates on the morning of June 11. The heavy woods served to restrict movements, and the fighting was largely dismounted at many points.
The Federal View of Hart's Battery image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 12, 2008
6. The Federal View of Hart's Battery
This view, from the Waylan Church parking lot, looking south along Oakland Road is directly opposite photo 5. Hart's Confederate Battery was deployed on the high ground in the distance. Their position was soon exposed to dismounted troopers from the 9th New York Cavalry. Seeing the emergency, General Wade Hampton personally led a detachment of the 6th South Carolina Cavalry into the fight. While this exposed the overall Confederate commander on the field to enemy fire, the charge saved Hart's guns.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,599 times since then and 70 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5, 6. submitted on January 21, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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