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Dunn in Harnett County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Battle of Averasboro

Union Route to Bentonville

 

—Carolinas Campaign —

 
Battle of Averasboro - Union Route to Bentonville image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
1. Battle of Averasboro - Union Route to Bentonville
Inscription.
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy’s logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s last-ditch attach at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late in March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.
***
As Gen. William T. Sherman marched north from Fayetteville, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston positioned his army near Smithville, uncertain whether Sherman’s destination was Raleigh or Goldsboro. On March 15, 1865, the head of Sherman’s Left Wing struck Confederate Gen. William J. Hardee’s skirmishers guarding the road just south of Averasboro. Hardee struck back, and the fight began. After several bloody attacks and counterattacks, Hardee withdrew during the night of March 16, and Sherman turned toward Goldsboro.

Gen. William T. Sherman’s Left Wing, the U.S. Army’s XIV and XX Corps, marched past this point on March 17, 1865. The determined Confederate resistance at
Battle of Averasboro Marker image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, January 16, 2017
2. Battle of Averasboro Marker
This view shows its location at the edge of the shopping center parking lot. U.S. 421 runs left to right behind the marker.
the Battle of Averasboro on March 15-16 had delayed the Union march to Goldsboro, increasing the distance between the Left Wing here and the Right Wing several miles to the east and south. Confederate cavalry harassed the Federals as they marched down this road. At Smithfield, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston studied area maps and concluded that Sherman’s two wings were far enough apart that if one was attacked it might be defeated before the other could come to its aid. The next day, March 18, Gen. Wade Hampton notified Johnston that the Left Wing was approaching Bentonville, where Confederate cavalry had taken up positions. That night, Johnston marched most of his army to Hampton’s side and by the next morning was ready to spring the trap.
 
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 17.842′ N, 78° 35.882′ W. Marker is in Dunn, North Carolina, in Harnett County. Marker is at the intersection of Harnett-Dunn Highway (U.S. 55) and Paul Green Memorial Highway (North Carolina Highway 421), on the left when traveling east on Harnett-Dunn Highway. Touch for map. Marker is in the parking lot of the East Pointe Shopping Center. Marker is in this post office area: Dunn NC 28334, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
View of the Area Behind the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, January 16, 2017
3. View of the Area Behind the Marker
Behind the marker can be seen the intersection of U.S. 421 and Route 55.
At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. G. B. Cashwell (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Averasboro (approx. 2.2 miles away); Sherman's March (approx. 2.2 miles away); Draughon Cross Roads (approx. 3.3 miles away); Lebanon (approx. 4.5 miles away); Averasboro Battlefield Museum (approx. 4.7 miles away); North Carolina (approx. 4.7 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Averasboro (approx. 4.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dunn.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits of Gens. Sherman, Johnston, and Hampton around a campaign map depicting the movements described in the text.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Averasboro. Civil War Album offers several pages of photos from the Averasboro battlefield. (Submitted on January 28, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Civil War Traveler. North Carolina Civil War Trails. (Submitted on March 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Battle Map Detail image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
4. Battle Map Detail
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 27, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,692 times since then and 89 times this year. Last updated on February 1, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. Photos:   1. submitted on January 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2, 3. submitted on January 24, 2017, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.   4. submitted on January 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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