Buchanan in Botetourt County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
An Artillery Duel Ensued
óHunterís Raid ó
On May 26, 1864, Union Gen. David Hunter marched south from Cedar Creek near Winchester to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley, and destroy transportation facilities at Lynchburg. His raid was part of Gen. Ulysses S. Grantís strategy to attack Confederates simultaneously throughout Virginia. After defeating Gen. William E. “Grumble” Jones at Piedmont on June 5, Hunter marched to Lexington, burned Virginia Military Institute, and headed to Lynchburg. There, on June 17-18, Gen. Jubal A. Early repulsed Hunter and pursued him to West Virginia. Early then turned north in July to threaten Washington.
On June 14, 1864, after occupying Lexington and burning Virginia Military Institute, Union Gen. David Hunterís 18,000-man force marched south toward Lynchburg through Buchanan, a river port located at the western terminus of the James River and Kanawha Canal. Parts of the canal wall are just downstream to the right.
When Union Gen. William W. Averellís cavalrymen attempted to seize the Buchanan Bridge across the James River here, Confederate Gen. John C. McCauslandís troopers, who had been harassing them, confronted them again. By the time Averell arrived, the Confederates had packed the wooden covered bridge with coal oil-soaked hay.
The old bridge piers today support the pedestrian swinging bridge.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Location. 37° 31.788′ N, 79° 40.776′ W. Marker is in Buchanan, Virginia, in Botetourt County. Marker can be reached from Lowe Street (County Road T-1305) west of Main Street (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in the parking lot near Twin River Outfitters. Marker is at or near this postal address: 635 Lowe Street, Buchanan VA 24066, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Buchanan & The James River & Kanawha Canal (a few Wilson Warehouse (approx. ľ mile away); The Botetourt Artillery (approx. 0.3 miles away); Buchanan (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Anchorage (approx. half a mile away); Looney's Ferry (approx. 1.3 miles away); Mount Joy (approx. 2 miles away); Cartmill's Gap (approx. 2.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buchanan.
More about this marker. On the lower left are photographs of "Gen. William W. Averell" and "Gen. John C. McCausland"
On the upper right are photographs with the captions, "Demolition of covered bridge, ca. 1897. photographed from this position." and "Oak Hill, upper right, photographed in 1885."
On the lower right is a Virginia Civil War Trails map of Hunter's Raid.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 29, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 671 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 29, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.