Gainesville in Alachua County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
First Gainesville Skirmish / Battle of Gainesville
The first Civil War gunfire in Gainesville's streets came on February 15, 1864, when a raiding party of 50 men from the 40th Massachusetts Cavalry entered the City to attempt the capture of two trains. The raid was unproductive, for the Federal troops were met and repulsed by the Second Florida Cavalry at what is now Main Street at University Avenue. Five days later, the main Federal force was defeated at the battle of Olustee, 50 miles to the north.
Battle of Gainesville
A Civil War battle was fought in Gainesville on August 17, 1864, when about 300 occupying Federal Troops were attacked by Florida Cavalry under Captain J.J. Dickison, called "Florida's most conspicuous soldier." The Federals were driven from the City after a brisk fight and suffered sever casualties during hard pursuit, which ended in victory for the Confederate force.
Erected 1969 by Florida Board of Parks and Historic Memorials. (Marker Number F-164.)
Location. 29° 39.141′ N, 82° 19.399′ W. Marker is in Gainesville, Florida, in Alachua County. Touch for map. Located between 1st Street NE & 3rd Street NE at Municipal Bldg. southside plaza. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 E. University Avenue, Gainesville FL 32601, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. City of Gainesville (a few steps from this marker); East Florida Seminary (a few steps from this marker); Spanish Cattle Ranching (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Soldier Memorial (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Alachula County Courthouse (about 600 feet away); Josiah T. Walls (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Gainesville Servicemen's Center / Thelma Boltin Center (approx. 0.2 miles away); Roper Park / Old City Park (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gainesville.
Regarding First Gainesville Skirmish / Battle of Gainesville. First Skirmish of Gainesville
Gainesville, site of a railroad junction and depot in north central Florida, was the scene of two small-scale engagements during the war. On 14 February 1864, the first battle occurred when about 50 Union troops entered the city intending to capture two trains. Company H of the 2nd Florida Cavalry with 130 men attempted to repulse this raid but were defeated by the Union force, which successfully returned to Jacksonville after holding the town. (Wikipedia entry The Battle of Gainesville)
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Gainesville. ... took place on August 17, 1864, in the town square. (Submitted on July 4, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
2. John Jackson Dickison, from Wikipedia. Dickison and his men were victorious in all of his raids against the Union troops in Florida, including his raid in Gainsville(sic) what is known as the "Battle of Gainsville"(sic). Tragedy struck Dickison, when one of his sons, both of whom served under his command, was killed during a raid. (Submitted on July 4, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 4, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 759 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 4, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.