White Haven's Outbuildings
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site
Preservation of perishable foods required construction of an ice house. Thick stone walls built into the side of the hill provided insulation and drainage, while a steep pitched roof with a louvered cupola vented out warm air. Large blocks of ice were cut from rivers and ponds in the winter and transported to the ice house. One room was packed solid with ice blocks layered with sawdust for additional insulation. Foods placed in the rooms were thereby preserved through mid-summer.
Chickens and eggs were an important source of food and income for White Haven's residents. Caring for chickens was usually the responsibility of women. Enslaved cook Mary Robinson had Grant's dog Leo help her catch chickens for dinners. Julia raised several special breeds as pets and later the caretaker's wife Sarah and her daughters earned about $400 a year selling chickens and
Most farms kept at least fifty chickens on a half acre to produce enough eggs for family use and sale.
Location. 38° 33.125′ N, 90° 21.094′ W. Marker is in St. Louis, Missouri, in Saint Louis County. Marker can be reached from Grant Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7400 Grant Road, Saint Louis MO 63123, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Slaves Only (here, next to this marker); The White Haven Estate: Other Houses (here, next to this marker); The Working Farm (here, next to this marker); Early Owners of the Farm (here, next to this marker); New Buildings for White Haven (here, next to this marker); The Roads to White Haven (here, next to this marker); Green Haven? (here, next to this marker); White Haven (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Louis.
Categories. • Agriculture • Animals •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 3, 2012, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 256 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 3, 2012, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.